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American Journal of Physics
written by Dewey Dykstra and Dale R. Sweet
Methods of physics education research were applied to find what kinds of changes in 4th, 6th, and 8th grade student understanding of motion can occur and at what age. Such findings are necessary for the physics community to effectively discharge its role in advising and assisting pre-college physics education. Prior to and after instruction the students were asked to carefully describe several demonstrated accelerated motions. Most pre-instruction descriptions were of the direction of motion only. After instruction, many more of the students gave descriptions of the motion as continuously changing. Student responses to the diagnostic and to the activity materials revealed the presence of a third "snapshot" view of motion not discussed in the literature. The 4th and 6th grade students gave similar pre-instructional descriptions of the motion, but the 4th grade students did not exhibit the same degree of change in descriptions after instruction. Our findings suggest that students as early as 6th grade can develop changes in ideas about motion needed to construct Newtonian-like ideas about force. Students' conceptions about motion change little under traditional physics instruction from these grade levels through college level.
American Journal of Physics: Volume 77, Issue 5, Pages 468-476
Subjects ADS Supplements Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- General
Education Foundations
- Alternative Conceptions
- Cognition
= Cognition Development
- Sample Population
= Age: Early Childhood
- Student Characteristics
= Ability
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Reference Material
= Article
= Research study
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© 2009 American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/1.3090824
PACS:
01.40.Fk
Keywords:
elementary school, force, middle school, misconceptions, student experiments
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created April 26, 2009 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
October 16, 2009 by John Stewart
Last Update
when Cataloged:
May 1, 2009
Other Collections:

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Record Link
AIP Format
D. Dykstra and D. Sweet, Am. J. Phys. 77 (5), 468 (2009), WWW Document, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3090824).
AJP/PRST-PER
D. Dykstra and D. Sweet, Conceptual development about motion and force in elementary and middle school students, Am. J. Phys. 77 (5), 468 (2009), <http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3090824>.
APA Format
Dykstra, D., & Sweet, D. (2009, May 1). Conceptual development about motion and force in elementary and middle school students. Am. J. Phys., 77(5), 468-476. Retrieved October 1, 2014, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3090824
Chicago Format
Dykstra, Dewey, and Dale Sweet. "Conceptual development about motion and force in elementary and middle school students." Am. J. Phys. 77, no. 5, (May 1, 2009): 468-476, http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3090824 (accessed 1 October 2014).
MLA Format
Dykstra, Dewey, and Dale Sweet. "Conceptual development about motion and force in elementary and middle school students." Am. J. Phys. 77.5 (2009): 468-476. 1 Oct. 2014 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3090824>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Dewey Dykstra and Dale Sweet", Title = {Conceptual development about motion and force in elementary and middle school students}, Journal = {Am. J. Phys.}, Volume = {77}, Number = {5}, Pages = {468-476}, Month = {May}, Year = {2009} }
Refer Export Format

%A Dewey Dykstra
%A Dale Sweet
%T Conceptual development about motion and force in elementary and middle school students
%J Am. J. Phys.
%V 77
%N 5
%D May 1, 2009
%P 468-476
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3090824
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Dykstra, Dewey
%A Sweet, Dale
%D May 1, 2009
%T Conceptual development about motion and force in elementary and middle school students
%J Am. J. Phys.
%V 77
%N 5
%P 468-476
%8 May 1, 2009
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3090824


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