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Memory & Cognition
written by Paula Hardiman, Robert J. Dufresne, and Jose P. Mestre
These investigations were conducted to examine the relationship between problem-solving ability and the criteria used to decide that two classical mechanics problems would be solved similarly. We began by comparing experts and novices on a similarity judgment task and found that the experts predominantly relied on the problems' deep structures in deciding on similarity of solution, although the presence of surface-feature similarity had a clear adverse effect on performance. The novices relied predominantly on surface features, but were capable of using the problems' deep structures under certain conditions. In a second experiment, we compared groups of novices, at the same level of experience, who tended to employ different types of reasoning in making similarity judgments. Compared to novices who relied predominantly on surface features, novices who made greater use of principles tended to categorize problems similarly to how experts categorized them, as well as score higher in problem solving. These results suggest that principles play a fundamental role in the organization of conceptual and procedural knowledge for good problem solvers at all levels.
Memory & Cognition: Volume 17, Issue 5, Pages 627-638
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© 1989 Psychonomic Society, Inc.
DOI:
10.3758/BF03197085
ISSN Number:
0090-502X
NSF Number:
8511069
Keywords:
problem categorization, problem solving
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 13, 2005 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
January 19, 2011 by Lyle Barbato
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AIP Format
P. Hardiman, R. Dufresne, and J. Mestre, Mem. Cognit. 17 (5), 627 (1989), WWW Document, (http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03197085).
AJP/PRST-PER
P. Hardiman, R. Dufresne, and J. Mestre, The relation between problem categorization and problem solving among experts and novices, Mem. Cognit. 17 (5), 627 (1989), <http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03197085>.
APA Format
Hardiman, P., Dufresne, R., & Mestre, J. (1989). The relation between problem categorization and problem solving among experts and novices. Mem. Cognit., 17(5), 627-638. Retrieved December 11, 2017, from http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03197085
Chicago Format
Hardiman, P, R. Dufresne, and J. Mestre. "The relation between problem categorization and problem solving among experts and novices." Mem. Cognit. 17, no. 5, (1989): 627-638, http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03197085 (accessed 11 December 2017).
MLA Format
Hardiman, Paula, Robert Dufresne, and Jose Mestre. "The relation between problem categorization and problem solving among experts and novices." Mem. Cognit. 17.5 (1989): 627-638. 11 Dec. 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03197085>.
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@article{ Author = "Paula Hardiman and Robert Dufresne and Jose Mestre", Title = {The relation between problem categorization and problem solving among experts and novices}, Journal = {Mem. Cognit.}, Volume = {17}, Number = {5}, Pages = {627-638}, Year = {1989} }
Refer Export Format

%A Paula Hardiman
%A Robert Dufresne
%A Jose Mestre
%T The relation between problem categorization and problem solving among experts and novices
%J Mem. Cognit.
%V 17
%N 5
%D 1989
%P 627-638
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03197085
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Hardiman, Paula
%A Dufresne, Robert
%A Mestre, Jose
%D 1989
%T The relation between problem categorization and problem solving among experts and novices
%J Mem. Cognit.
%V 17
%N 5
%P 627-638
%@ 0090-502X
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03197085


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