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International Journal of Science Education
written by Mariana G. Hewson and Daryl Hamlyn
This study examined the role played by particular intellectual and physical environments on concept formation, focusing on conceptions concerning heat in a group of non-western subjects living in the interior of southern Africa (N. Sotho and Tswana peoples). In addition, these conceptions were examined in three contexts of the subjects' cultural knowledge concerning heat, the prevailing paradigms concerning heat found in early/contemporary scientific theories, and the physical environment in which subjects live. Subjects (N=20) included school-age children and schooled/non-schooled adults. Previous research indicates that European languages such as English tend to reinforce notions of heat as "caloric" because of the historical antecedents of the concept of heat which remain embedded in the language. However, analysis of Interviews-About-Instances and Piagetian clinical interviews suggests that the N. Sotho and Setswana languages appear to involve connotative meanings of heat which are influenced in some way by a powerful metaphor in the Sotho cultural beliefs, and which have a predisposition toward prekinetic views of heat. These results suggests that the Sotho people may be at a relative advantage in learning about heat energy when compared to their western counterparts because their existing knowledge of heat is, in some sense, close to a kinetic view.
International Journal of Science Education: Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 245-262
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education Foundations
- Alternative Conceptions
- Societal Issues
= Cultural Issues
- Informal Education
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Access Rights:
Available by subscription
Restriction:
© 1984
DOI:
10.1080/0140528840060306
ISSN Number:
0140-5284
Keywords:
Concept Formation, Cultural Context, Cultural Influences, Environmental Influences, Heat, Language of Instruction, Physical Environment, Scientific Concepts
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 13, 2005 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
September 27, 2007 by Lyle Barbato
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AIP Format
M. Hewson and D. Hamlyn, Int. J. Sci. Educ. 6 (3), 245 (1984), WWW Document, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0140528840060306).
AJP/PRST-PER
M. Hewson and D. Hamlyn, Influence of intellectual environment on conceptions of heat, Int. J. Sci. Educ. 6 (3), 245 (1984), <http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0140528840060306>.
APA Format
Hewson, M., & Hamlyn, D. (1984). Influence of intellectual environment on conceptions of heat. Int. J. Sci. Educ., 6(3), 245-262. Retrieved December 11, 2017, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0140528840060306
Chicago Format
Hewson, Mariana G., and Daryl Hamlyn. "Influence of intellectual environment on conceptions of heat." Int. J. Sci. Educ. 6, no. 3, (1984): 245-262, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0140528840060306 (accessed 11 December 2017).
MLA Format
Hewson, Mariana G., and Daryl Hamlyn. "Influence of intellectual environment on conceptions of heat." Int. J. Sci. Educ. 6.3 (1984): 245-262. 11 Dec. 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0140528840060306>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Mariana G. Hewson and Daryl Hamlyn", Title = {Influence of intellectual environment on conceptions of heat}, Journal = {Int. J. Sci. Educ.}, Volume = {6}, Number = {3}, Pages = {245-262}, Year = {1984} }
Refer Export Format

%A Mariana G. Hewson
%A Daryl Hamlyn
%T Influence of intellectual environment on conceptions of heat
%J Int. J. Sci. Educ.
%V 6
%N 3
%D 1984
%P 245-262
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0140528840060306
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Hewson, Mariana G.
%A Hamlyn, Daryl
%D 1984
%T Influence of intellectual environment on conceptions of heat
%J Int. J. Sci. Educ.
%V 6
%N 3
%P 245-262
%@ 0140-5284
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0140528840060306


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