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International Journal of Science Education
written by Jongwon Park, Ikgyun Kim, Myunghwan Kim, and Moo Lee
In this study, we identified middle school and college students' prior ideas about electrostatic induction and interviewed them through presenting observational evidence which supported or refuted their own prior ideas. Their responses to the evidence were interpreted from perspectives based on philosophies of science, especially the Popperian and Lakatosian views of scientific hypothesis testing. In the process of confirmation, almost all of the students showed a logical error known as an 'error of affirmation of the consequent' in a syllogism. The students' falsification processes were classified into two groups: those which rejected the hard core of prior ideas, and those which modified the students' protective belt of auxiliary ideas related to the hard core while still preserving the hard core. From an analysis of the students' falsification processes, it was found that the Lakatosian rather than the Popperian view was more acceptable in understanding the students' responses to the conflicting evidence. It was observed that the quality of the understanding of auxiliary ideas should also play an important role in the changing of core concepts.
International Journal of Science Education: Volume 23, Issue 12, Pages 1219-1236
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education Foundations
- Alternative Conceptions
- Cognition
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Lower Undergraduate
- Middle School
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Access Rights:
Available by subscription
Restriction:
© 2001 Taylor & Francis Group
Additional information is available.
DOI:
10.1080/09500690110049097
Keywords:
Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures, Educational Strategies, Electrostatics, Higher Education, Knowledge Representation, Lakatosian Programme, Middle Schools, Physics, Prior Learning, Science Education, Science Process Skills
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 13, 2005 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
November 4, 2005 by Vince Kuo
Last Update
when Cataloged:
December 1, 2001
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AIP Format
J. Park, I. Kim, M. Kim, and M. Lee, Int. J. Sci. Educ. 23 (12), 1219 (2001), WWW Document, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110049097).
AJP/PRST-PER
J. Park, I. Kim, M. Kim, and M. Lee, Analysis of students' processes of confirmation and falsification of their prior ideas about electrostatics, Int. J. Sci. Educ. 23 (12), 1219 (2001), <http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110049097>.
APA Format
Park, J., Kim, I., Kim, M., & Lee, M. (2001, December 1). Analysis of students' processes of confirmation and falsification of their prior ideas about electrostatics. Int. J. Sci. Educ., 23(12), 1219-1236. Retrieved December 17, 2017, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110049097
Chicago Format
Park, J, I. Kim, M. Kim, and M. Lee. "Analysis of students' processes of confirmation and falsification of their prior ideas about electrostatics." Int. J. Sci. Educ. 23, no. 12, (December 1, 2001): 1219-1236, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110049097 (accessed 17 December 2017).
MLA Format
Park, Jongwon, Ikgyun Kim, Myunghwan Kim, and Moo Lee. "Analysis of students' processes of confirmation and falsification of their prior ideas about electrostatics." Int. J. Sci. Educ. 23.12 (2001): 1219-1236. 17 Dec. 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110049097>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Jongwon Park and Ikgyun Kim and Myunghwan Kim and Moo Lee", Title = {Analysis of students' processes of confirmation and falsification of their prior ideas about electrostatics}, Journal = {Int. J. Sci. Educ.}, Volume = {23}, Number = {12}, Pages = {1219-1236}, Month = {December}, Year = {2001} }
Refer Export Format

%A Jongwon Park
%A Ikgyun Kim
%A Myunghwan Kim
%A Moo Lee
%T Analysis of students' processes of confirmation and falsification of their prior ideas about electrostatics
%J Int. J. Sci. Educ.
%V 23
%N 12
%D December 1, 2001
%P 1219-1236
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110049097
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Park, Jongwon
%A Kim, Ikgyun
%A Kim, Myunghwan
%A Lee, Moo
%D December 1, 2001
%T Analysis of students' processes of confirmation and falsification of their prior ideas about electrostatics
%J Int. J. Sci. Educ.
%V 23
%N 12
%P 1219-1236
%8 December 1, 2001
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09500690110049097


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