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Is the Force Concept Inventory Biased? Investigating Differential Item Functioning on a Test of Conceptual Learning in Physics
written by Sharon E. Osborn Popp, David E. Meltzer, and Colleen Megowan-Romanowicz
Persistent differences in performance between females and males on measures of physics conceptual learning have prompted interest in investigating and reducing the gender gap. Educators and researchers need to have confidence in their interpretations of results and want to know if observed group differences are artifacts of test bias or due to factors like background or instruction. A differential item functioning (DIF) analysis was conducted on responses to a widely used measure of conceptual learning to assess whether properties of the test itself, unrelated to student ability, influence performance by gender. Findings provide evidence that the test is not systematically biased in favor of males. However, three items did exhibit substantial DIF, two favoring males and one favoring females.
Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association
New Orleans, LA: April 7-11, 2011
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education Foundations
- Assessment
= Instruments
- Research Design & Methodology
= Validity
- Sample Population
= Gender: Female
= Gender: Male
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
- Lower Undergraduate
- High School
- Reference Material
= Research study
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© 2011 S. Osborn Popp, D. Meltzer, C. Megowan
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created March 10, 2015 by Sarah Keffer
Record Updated:
July 16, 2016 by Lyle Barbato
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when Cataloged:
April 11, 2011
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Record Link
AIP Format
S. Osborn Popp, D. Meltzer, and C. Megowan-Romanowicz, presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA, 2011, WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13421&DocID=4012).
AJP/PRST-PER
S. Osborn Popp, D. Meltzer, and C. Megowan-Romanowicz, Is the Force Concept Inventory Biased? Investigating Differential Item Functioning on a Test of Conceptual Learning in Physics, presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA, 2011, <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13421&DocID=4012>.
APA Format
Osborn Popp, S., Meltzer, D., & Megowan-Romanowicz, C. (2011, April 7-11). Is the Force Concept Inventory Biased? Investigating Differential Item Functioning on a Test of Conceptual Learning in Physics. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA. Retrieved December 17, 2017, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13421&DocID=4012
Chicago Format
Osborn Popp, S, D. Meltzer, and C. Megowan-Romanowicz. "Is the Force Concept Inventory Biased? Investigating Differential Item Functioning on a Test of Conceptual Learning in Physics." Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA, April 7-11, 2011. https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13421&DocID=4012 (accessed 17 December 2017).
MLA Format
Osborn Popp, Sharon, David Meltzer, and Colleen Megowan-Romanowicz. "Is the Force Concept Inventory Biased? Investigating Differential Item Functioning on a Test of Conceptual Learning in Physics." Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. New Orleans, LA: 2011. 17 Dec. 2017 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13421&DocID=4012>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Sharon Osborn Popp and David Meltzer and Colleen Megowan-Romanowicz", Title = {Is the Force Concept Inventory Biased? Investigating Differential Item Functioning on a Test of Conceptual Learning in Physics}, BookTitle = {Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association}, Address = {New Orleans, LA}, Month = {April 7-11}, Year = {2011} }
Refer Export Format

%A Sharon Osborn Popp
%A David Meltzer
%A Colleen Megowan-Romanowicz
%T Is the Force Concept Inventory Biased? Investigating Differential Item Functioning on a Test of Conceptual Learning in Physics
%D April 7-11 2011
%C New Orleans, LA
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13421&DocID=4012
%O Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association
%O April 7-11
%O application/ms-word

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Osborn Popp, Sharon
%A Meltzer, David
%A Megowan-Romanowicz, Colleen
%D April 7-11 2011
%T Is the Force Concept Inventory Biased? Investigating Differential Item Functioning on a Test of Conceptual Learning in Physics
%B Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association
%C New Orleans, LA
%8 April 7-11
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13421&DocID=4012


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