Detail Page

written by Les Cowley
This part of the Atmospheric Optics site by Les Cowley provides an image gallery of natural rays and shadows that occur as small particles scatter light in the atmosphere.  A variety of images such as distorted suns, cloud shadows, mountain shadows, spreading rays, and more are presented.  Along with each photo is an explanation of the related physics.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
- The Sun
- Color
- Diffraction
- General
- Interference
- High School
- Lower Undergraduate
- Informal Education
- Upper Undergraduate
- Reference Material
- Audio/Visual
= Image/Image Set
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Learners
- Educators
- image/jpeg
- text/html
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Additional Information
Physics To Go This resource was featured by the Physics To Go collection from April 1, 2007 until April 16, 2007. View the feature here!

Access Rights:
Free access
Additional information is available.
crepuscular, green flash, ice halo, image gallery, rainbow, refract, scatter, sunset, water droplet
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created March 25, 2007 by Ann Deml
Record Updated:
March 26, 2007 by Ed Lee
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 24, 2007
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
L. Cowley, , WWW Document, (
L. Cowley, Atmospheric Optics: Rays and Shadows, , <>.
APA Format
Cowley, L. (2007, January 24). Atmospheric Optics: Rays and Shadows. Retrieved June 24, 2018, from
Chicago Format
Cowley, Les. Atmospheric Optics: Rays and Shadows. January 24, 2007. (accessed 24 June 2018).
MLA Format
Cowley, Les. Atmospheric Optics: Rays and Shadows. 24 Jan. 2007. 24 June 2018 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Les Cowley", Title = {Atmospheric Optics: Rays and Shadows}, Volume = {2018}, Number = {24 June 2018}, Month = {January 24, 2007}, Year = {} }
Refer Export Format

%A Les Cowley
%T Atmospheric Optics:  Rays and Shadows
%D January 24, 2007
%O image/jpeg

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%A Cowley, Les
%D January 24, 2007
%T Atmospheric Optics:  Rays and Shadows
%V 2018
%N 24 June 2018
%8 January 24, 2007
%9 image/jpeg

Disclaimer: ComPADRE offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure. Please refer to the style manuals in the Citation Source Information area for clarifications.

Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

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