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written by Diane J. Grayson
This dissertation describes an investigation of how the computer may be utilized to perform research on instruction and on student understanding in physics. The research was conducted within three content areas: kinematics, waves and dynamics. The main focus of the research on instruction was the determination of factors needed for a computer program to be instructionally effective. The emphasis in the research on student understanding was the identification of specific conceptual and reasoning difficulties students encounter with the subject matter.  Most of the research was conducted using the computer-based interview, a technique developed during the early part of the work, conducted within the domain of kinematics. In a computer-based interview, a student makes a prediction about how a particular system will behave under given circumstances, observes a simulation of the event on a computer screen, and then is asked by an interviewer to explain any discrepancy between prediction and observation. In the course of the research, a model was developed for producing educational software. The model has three important components: (i) research on student difficulties in the content area to be addressed, (ii) observations of students using the computer program, and (iii) consequent program modification. This model was used to guide the development of an instructional computer program dealing with graphical representations of transverse pulses.  Another facet of the research involved the design of a computer program explicitly for the purposes of research. A computer program was written that simulates a modified Atwood's machine. The program was than used in computer-based interviews and proved to be an effective means of probing student understanding of dynamics concepts. In order to ascertain whether or not the student difficulties identified were peculiar to the computer
University: University of Washington
Academic Department:  Physics
Pages 281
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education Practices
- Technology
= Computers
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Researchers
- non-digital
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© 1990 Diane Grayson
Type:
Dissertation
Keywords:
computer program, computer-based instruction, computer-based interview, laboratory-based interview, student difficulties, technology
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created September 27, 2006 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
March 13, 2010 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 1, 1990
Other Collections:

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Record Link
AIP Format
D. Grayson, Dissertation, University of Washington , 1990, WWW Document, (http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=745342401&Fmt=2&RQT=309).
AJP/PRST-PER
D. Grayson, Use of the computer for research on instruction and student understanding in physics Dissertation, University of Washington , 1990, <http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=745342401&Fmt=2&RQT=309>.
APA Format
Grayson, D. (1990, January 1). Use of the computer for research on instruction and student understanding in physics (Dissertation, University of Washington , 1990). Retrieved September 2, 2014, from http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=745342401&Fmt=2&RQT=309
Chicago Format
Grayson, Diane. "Use of the computer for research on instruction and student understanding in physics." Dissertation, University of Washington , 1990. http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=745342401&Fmt=2&RQT=309 (accessed 2 September 2014).
MLA Format
Grayson, Diane. "Use of the computer for research on instruction and student understanding in physics." Dissertation. 1 Jan. 1990. University of Washington , 1990. 2 Sep. 2014 <http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=745342401&Fmt=2&RQT=309>.
BibTeX Export Format
@phdthesis{ Author = "Diane Grayson", Title = {Use of the computer for research on instruction and student understanding in physics}, School = {University of Washington }, Type = {Dissertation}, Month = {January}, Year = {1990} }
Refer Export Format

%A Diane Grayson
%T Use of the computer for research on instruction and student understanding in physics
%R Dissertation
%D January 1, 1990
%P 281
%I University of Washington
%U http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=745342401&Fmt=2&RQT=309
%O Physics
%O non-digital
%O Dissertation

EndNote Export Format

%0 Thesis
%A Grayson, Diane
%D January 1, 1990
%T Use of the computer for research on instruction and student understanding in physics
%B Physics
%I University of Washington
%P 281
%8 January 1, 1990
%9 Dissertation
%U http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=745342401&Fmt=2&RQT=309


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