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written by A. Lichtenberger, C. Wagner, S. I. Hofer, E. Stern, and A. Vaterlaus
The kinematics concept test (KCT) is a multiple-choice test designed to evaluate students' conceptual understanding of kinematics at the high school level. The test comprises 49 multiple-choice items about velocity and acceleration, which are based on seven kinematic concepts and which make use of three different representations. In the first part of this article we describe the development and the validation process of the KCT. We applied the KCT to 338 Swiss high school students who attended traditional teaching in kinematics. We analyzed the response data to provide the psychometric properties of the test. In the second part we present the results of a structural analysis of the test. An exploratory factor analysis of 664 student answers finally uncovered the seven kinematics concepts as factors. However, the analysis revealed a hierarchical structure of concepts. At the higher level, mathematical concepts group together, and then split up into physics concepts at the lower level. Furthermore, students who seem to understand a concept in one representation have difficulties transferring the concept to similar problems in another representation. Both results have implications for teaching kinematics. First, teaching mathematical concepts beforehand might be beneficial for learning kinematics. Second, instructions have to be designed to teach students the change between different representations.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 010115
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- Motion in One Dimension
- Motion in Two Dimensions
Education Foundations
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
= Instruments
- Learning Theory
= Cognitive Modeling
= Representations
- Problem Solving
= Representational Use
- Research Design & Methodology
= Statistics
- Graduate/Professional
- Reference Material
= Research study
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This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
A. Lichtenberger, C. Wagner, S.?I. Hofer, E. Stern, and A. Vaterlaus
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010115
Swiss NSF Grant:
146038
Keywords:
Kinematics concept test, Teaching kinematics
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created June 4, 2017 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
September 21, 2017 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
April 10, 2017
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AIP Format
A. Lichtenberger, C. Wagner, S. Hofer, E. Stern, and A. Vaterlaus, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 13 (1), 010115 (2017), WWW Document, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010115).
AJP/PRST-PER
A. Lichtenberger, C. Wagner, S. Hofer, E. Stern, and A. Vaterlaus, Validation and structural analysis of the kinematics concept test, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 13 (1), 010115 (2017), <http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010115>.
APA Format
Lichtenberger, A., Wagner, C., Hofer, S., Stern, E., & Vaterlaus, A. (2017, April 10). Validation and structural analysis of the kinematics concept test. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 13(1), 010115. Retrieved December 18, 2017, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010115
Chicago Format
Lichtenberger, A, C. Wagner, S. Hofer, E. Stern, and A. Vaterlaus. "Validation and structural analysis of the kinematics concept test." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 13, no. 1, (April 10, 2017): 010115, http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010115 (accessed 18 December 2017).
MLA Format
Lichtenberger, A., C. Wagner, S. I. Hofer, E. Stern, and A. Vaterlaus. "Validation and structural analysis of the kinematics concept test." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 13.1 (2017): 010115. 18 Dec. 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010115>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "A. Lichtenberger and C. Wagner and S. I. Hofer and E. Stern and A. Vaterlaus", Title = {Validation and structural analysis of the kinematics concept test}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {13}, Number = {1}, Pages = {010115}, Month = {April}, Year = {2017} }
Refer Export Format

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%A C. Wagner
%A S. I. Hofer
%A E. Stern
%A A. Vaterlaus
%T Validation and structural analysis of the kinematics concept test
%J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 13
%N 1
%D April 10, 2017
%P 010115
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010115
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Lichtenberger, A.
%A Wagner, C.
%A Hofer, S. I.
%A Stern, E.
%A Vaterlaus, A.
%D April 10, 2017
%T Validation and structural analysis of the kinematics concept test
%J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 13
%N 1
%P 010115
%8 April 10, 2017
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010115


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