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written by Terry F. Scott and Dániel Schumayer
The Force Concept Inventory is one of the most popular and most analyzed multiple-choice concept tests used to investigate students' understanding of Newtonian mechanics. The correct answers poll a set of underlying Newtonian concepts and the coherence of these underlying concepts has been found in the data. However, this inventory was constructed after several years of research into the common preconceptions held by students and using these preconceptions as distractors in the questions. Their sole purpose is to deflect non-Newtonian candidates away from the correct answer. Alternatively, one can argue that the responses could also be treated as polling these preconceptions. In this paper we shift the emphasis of the analysis away from the correlation structure of the correct answers and look at the latent traits underlying the incorrect responses. Our analysis models the data employing exploratory factor analysis, which uses regularities in the data to suggest the existence of underlying structures in the cognitive processing of the students. This analysis allows us to determine whether the data support the claim that there are alternate non-Newtonian worldviews on which students' incorrect responses are based. The existence of such worldviews, and their coherence, could explain the resilience of non-Newtonian preconceptions and would have significant implications to the design of instruction methods. We find that there are indeed coherent alternate conceptions of the world which can be categorized using the results of the research that led to the construction of the Force Concept Inventory.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 010126
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- General
Education Foundations
- Alternative Conceptions
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
= Instruments
- Learning Theory
= Cognitive Modeling
- Graduate/Professional
- Reference Material
= Research study
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This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
Terry F. Scott and Dániel Schumayer
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010126
Keywords:
Force Concept Inventory, Newtonian mechanics
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created June 4, 2017 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
September 21, 2017 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
May 16, 2017
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AIP Format
T. Scott and D. Schumayer, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 13 (1), 010126 (2017), WWW Document, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010126).
AJP/PRST-PER
T. Scott and D. Schumayer, Conceptual coherence of non-Newtonian worldviews in Force Concept Inventory data, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 13 (1), 010126 (2017), <http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010126>.
APA Format
Scott, T., & Schumayer, D. (2017, May 16). Conceptual coherence of non-Newtonian worldviews in Force Concept Inventory data. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 13(1), 010126. Retrieved December 11, 2017, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010126
Chicago Format
Scott, Terry, and Dániel Schumayer. "Conceptual coherence of non-Newtonian worldviews in Force Concept Inventory data." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 13, no. 1, (May 16, 2017): 010126, http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010126 (accessed 11 December 2017).
MLA Format
Scott, Terry, and Dániel Schumayer. "Conceptual coherence of non-Newtonian worldviews in Force Concept Inventory data." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 13.1 (2017): 010126. 11 Dec. 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010126>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Terry Scott and Dániel Schumayer", Title = {Conceptual coherence of non-Newtonian worldviews in Force Concept Inventory data}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {13}, Number = {1}, Pages = {010126}, Month = {May}, Year = {2017} }
Refer Export Format

%A Terry Scott
%A Dániel Schumayer
%T Conceptual coherence of non-Newtonian worldviews in Force Concept Inventory data
%J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 13
%N 1
%D May 16, 2017
%P 010126
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010126
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Scott, Terry
%A Schumayer, Dániel
%D May 16, 2017
%T Conceptual coherence of non-Newtonian worldviews in Force Concept Inventory data
%J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 13
%N 1
%P 010126
%8 May 16, 2017
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.010126


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