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Attention differences in viewing physics diagrams among experts and novices
written by Jason W. Morphew, Jose P. Mestre, Brian H. Ross, and Natalie E. Strand
It is known that experts identify/perceive meaningful patterns in visual stimuli related to their domain of expertise.  This study explores the speed with which experts and novices detect changes in physics diagrams. Since change detection depends on where individuals direct their attention, differences in the speed with which experts and novices detect changes to diagrams would suggest differences in attention allocation between experts and novices. We present data from an experiment using the "flicker technique," in which both physics experts and physics novices viewed nearly identical pairs of diagrams that are representative of typical introductory physics situations.  The two diagrams in each pair contain a subtle difference that either does, or does not change the underlying physics depicted in the diagram. Findings indicate that experts are faster at detecting physics-relevant changes than physics-irrelevant changes, however there is no difference in response time for novices, suggesting that expertise guides attention for experts when inspecting physics diagrams. We discuss the cognitive implications of our findings.
Physics Education Research Conference 2015
Part of the PER Conference series
College Park, MD: July 29-30, 2015
Pages 227-230
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education Foundations
- Cognition
- Learning Theory
= Representations
- Problem Solving
= Expert-Novice Comparisons
- Lower Undergraduate
- Graduate/Professional
- Reference Material
= Research study
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Researchers
- application/pdf
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Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/perc.20…
Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the published article's author(s), title, proceedings citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/perc.2015.pr.052
PACSs:
01.40.Fk
01.40.Ha
01.40.-d
Keyword:
PERC 2015
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created December 16, 2015 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
December 18, 2015 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
December 18, 2015
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Record Link
AIP Format
J. Morphew, J. Mestre, B. Ross, and N. Strand, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2015, College Park, MD, 2015, WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13878&DocID=4296).
AJP/PRST-PER
J. Morphew, J. Mestre, B. Ross, and N. Strand, Attention differences in viewing physics diagrams among experts and novices, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2015, College Park, MD, 2015, <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13878&DocID=4296>.
APA Format
Morphew, J., Mestre, J., Ross, B., & Strand, N. (2015, July 29-30). Attention differences in viewing physics diagrams among experts and novices. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2015, College Park, MD. Retrieved December 18, 2017, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13878&DocID=4296
Chicago Format
Morphew, J, J. Mestre, B. Ross, and N. Strand. "Attention differences in viewing physics diagrams among experts and novices." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2015, College Park, MD, July 29-30, 2015. https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13878&DocID=4296 (accessed 18 December 2017).
MLA Format
Morphew, Jason, Jose Mestre, Brian Ross, and Natalie Strand. "Attention differences in viewing physics diagrams among experts and novices." Physics Education Research Conference 2015. College Park, MD: 2015. 227-230 of PER Conference. 18 Dec. 2017 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13878&DocID=4296>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Jason Morphew and Jose Mestre and Brian Ross and Natalie Strand", Title = {Attention differences in viewing physics diagrams among experts and novices}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2015}, Pages = {227-230}, Address = {College Park, MD}, Series = {PER Conference}, Month = {July 29-30}, Year = {2015} }
Refer Export Format

%A Jason Morphew
%A Jose Mestre
%A Brian Ross
%A Natalie Strand
%T Attention differences in viewing physics diagrams among experts and novices
%S PER Conference
%D July 29-30 2015
%P 227-230
%C College Park, MD
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13878&DocID=4296
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2015
%O July 29-30
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Morphew, Jason
%A Mestre, Jose
%A Ross, Brian
%A Strand, Natalie
%D July 29-30 2015
%T Attention differences in viewing physics diagrams among experts and novices
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2015
%C College Park, MD
%P 227-230
%S PER Conference
%8 July 29-30
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13878&DocID=4296


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