Detail Page

written by Kenneth Libbrecht
This webpage from provides instructions for growing ice spikes in ordinary freezer. The page explains the physics of growing these spikes and concludes useful information on water purity and growing temperature. Related photos and drawings are provided.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Modern Physics
- Condensed Matter
= Crystal Structure
- Informal Education
- High School
- Reference Material
= Article
- Audio/Visual
= Image/Image Set
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Learners
- Educators
- text/html
- image/jpeg
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Access Rights:
Free access
Does not have a copyright, license, or other use restriction.
Crystal, Snowflake
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created February 28, 2012 by Ed Lee
Record Updated:
February 28, 2012 by Ed Lee
Last Update
when Cataloged:
December 16, 2004
Other Collections:

ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
K. Libbrecht, (2004), WWW Document, (
K. Libbrecht, Ice Spikes, (2004), <>.
APA Format
Libbrecht, K. (2004, December 16). Ice Spikes. Retrieved October 19, 2018, from
Chicago Format
Libbrecht, Kenneth. Ice Spikes. December 16, 2004. (accessed 19 October 2018).
MLA Format
Libbrecht, Kenneth. Ice Spikes. 2004. 16 Dec. 2004. 19 Oct. 2018 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Kenneth Libbrecht", Title = {Ice Spikes}, Volume = {2018}, Number = {19 October 2018}, Month = {December 16, 2004}, Year = {2004} }
Refer Export Format

%A Kenneth Libbrecht
%T Ice Spikes
%D December 16, 2004
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%A Libbrecht, Kenneth
%D December 16, 2004
%T Ice Spikes
%V 2018
%N 19 October 2018
%8 December 16, 2004
%9 text/html

Disclaimer: ComPADRE offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure. Please refer to the style manuals in the Citation Source Information area for clarifications.

Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

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