Website Detail Page

written by Alan Goff
Quantum Tic-Tac-Toe adds a rule of superposition, a rule of entanglement, and a rule of collapse to Classical Tic-Tac-Toe to generate an extensive set of metaphors with quantum physics.  The web site supports a playable game, monthly challenges, links, technical papers, and material for teachers.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Quantum Physics
- Entanglement and Quantum Information
- Foundations and Measurements
- Upper Undergraduate
- High School
- Lower Undergraduate
- Instructional Material
= Activity
= Interactive Simulation
Categories Intended Users Ratings
- Pedagogy
- Learners
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Access Rights:
Limited free access
Cost for application run locally
© 2004 Novatia Inc
entagled states, game, measurement
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created February 17, 2004 by Allan Goff
Record Updated:
August 22, 2016 by Lyle Barbato
Other Collections:

Broken link

Author: David Kirkby
Posted: June 8, 2015 at 2:35PM

The link to this resource seems to be broken. Is there an update?

» reply

Re: Broken link

Author: Bruce, ComPADRE Dir
Posted: Jun 08, 2015 at 4:07PM

I will check with the author. In the mean time, there is a Wikipedia page:

and a python/html5 version of the game you can play:

» reply


Author: neil
Posted: July 20, 2005 at 12:20PM

Looks like a fun activity!

» reply

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Record Link
AIP Format
A. Goff, (2004), WWW Document, (
A. Goff, Quantum Tic-Tac-Toe, (2004), <>.
APA Format
Goff, A. (2004). Quantum Tic-Tac-Toe. Retrieved September 23, 2020, from
Chicago Format
Goff, Alan. Quantum Tic-Tac-Toe. 2004. (accessed 23 September 2020).
MLA Format
Goff, Alan. Quantum Tic-Tac-Toe. 2004. 23 Sep. 2020 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Alan Goff", Title = {Quantum Tic-Tac-Toe}, Volume = {2020}, Number = {23 September 2020}, Year = {2004} }
Refer Export Format

%A Alan Goff
%T Quantum Tic-Tac-Toe
%D 2004
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%A Goff, Alan
%D 2004
%T Quantum Tic-Tac-Toe
%V 2020
%N 23 September 2020
%9 text/html

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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

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Quantum Tic-Tac-Toe:

References Quantum Tic-Tac-Toe, Spooky-Coins, & Magic-Envelopes, as Metaphors for Relativistic Quantum Physics

This paper provides details about the quantum tic-tac-toe game, and its connections with quantum theory, measurements, and entangled states.

relation by Bruce Mason

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Feb 3 - Mar 3, 2005