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published by the Center for Non-Destructive Evaluation
supported by the National Science Foundation
This resource is an interactive student tutorial on the topic of sound, designed for secondary science learners.  It is organized into sequenced headings that contain interactive animations and guided review questions.  It begins with an overview of vibration and properties of sound, then expands into the human ear, pitch/frequency, the Doppler Effect, constructive and destructive interference, and ultrasound.

This resource is part of a collection developed by the Non-Destructive Testing Resource Center at Iowa State University.

Please note that this resource requires Flash.
Editor's Note: The use of diagrams and simple Flash animations alongside the conversational text would make this resource especially appropriate for struggling learners and students with disabilities who need additional support. It is appropriate for Grades 8-12.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Oscillations & Waves
- Acoustics
= The Ear
- Wave Motion
= Doppler Effect
= Interference and Diffraction of Sound
= Reflection and Refraction (Sound)
= Transfer of Energy in Waves
= Wave Properties of Sound
- High School
- Middle School
- Lower Undergraduate
- Instructional Material
= Tutorial
- Audio/Visual
= Movie/Animation
Appropriate Courses Categories Ratings
- Physical Science
- Physics First
- Conceptual Physics
- Algebra-based Physics
- AP Physics
- Activity
- New teachers
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Intended Users:
Access Rights:
Free access
© 2001 Center for Non-Destructive Evaluation, Iowa State University
Additional information is available.
NDT, echoes, hearing, longitudinal waves, middle school tutorial, musical instrument, sound diffraction, sound tutorial, sound waves, stringed instrument
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created March 23, 2010 by Caroline Hall
Record Updated:
August 3, 2016 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
October 11, 2007
Other Collections:

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (2008 Version)

4. The Physical Setting

4F. Motion
  • 6-8: 4F/M2. Something can be "seen" when light waves emitted or reflected by it enter the eye—just as something can be "heard" when sound waves from it enter the ear.
  • 6-8: 4F/M4. Vibrations in materials set up wavelike disturbances that spread away from the source. Sound and earthquake waves are examples. These and other waves move at different speeds in different materials.

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (1993 Version)


F. Motion
  • 4F (9-12) #6.  Waves can superpose on one another, bend around corners, reflect off surfaces, be absorbed by materials they enter, and change direction when entering a new material. All these effects vary with wavelength. The energy of waves (like any form of energy) can be changed into other forms of energy.
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
(Center for Non-Destructive Evaluation, Ames, 2001), WWW Document, (https://www.nde-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchool/Sound/hs_sound_index.htm).
NDT Resource Center: Sound Tutorial (Center for Non-Destructive Evaluation, Ames, 2001), <https://www.nde-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchool/Sound/hs_sound_index.htm>.
APA Format
NDT Resource Center: Sound Tutorial. (2007, October 11). Retrieved June 13, 2024, from Center for Non-Destructive Evaluation: https://www.nde-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchool/Sound/hs_sound_index.htm
Chicago Format
National Science Foundation. NDT Resource Center: Sound Tutorial. Ames: Center for Non-Destructive Evaluation, October 11, 2007. https://www.nde-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchool/Sound/hs_sound_index.htm (accessed 13 June 2024).
MLA Format
NDT Resource Center: Sound Tutorial. Ames: Center for Non-Destructive Evaluation, 2001. 11 Oct. 2007. National Science Foundation. 13 June 2024 <https://www.nde-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchool/Sound/hs_sound_index.htm>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Title = {NDT Resource Center: Sound Tutorial}, Publisher = {Center for Non-Destructive Evaluation}, Volume = {2024}, Number = {13 June 2024}, Month = {October 11, 2007}, Year = {2001} }
Refer Export Format

%T NDT Resource Center: Sound Tutorial %D October 11, 2007 %I Center for Non-Destructive Evaluation %C Ames %U https://www.nde-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchool/Sound/hs_sound_index.htm %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source %D October 11, 2007 %T NDT Resource Center: Sound Tutorial %I Center for Non-Destructive Evaluation %V 2024 %N 13 June 2024 %8 October 11, 2007 %9 text/html %U https://www.nde-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchool/Sound/hs_sound_index.htm

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Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Style.org: Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

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NDT Resource Center: Sound Tutorial:

Is Part Of http://www.ndt-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchool/highschool.htm

A link to the full set of interactive tutorials by the same authors. Topics include electricity, magnetism, X-rays, ad sound.

relation by Caroline Hall

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