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published by the Visionlearning
written by Anthony Carpi
supported by the National Science Foundation
Available Languages: English, Spanish
This digital learning module provides an easily-understood overview of chemical bonding for users with little formal background in chemistry or physics. It explores ionic bonding through the example of sodium (an alkali metal) reacting with chlorine gas to produce common table salt. A concept simulation further illustrates the process.

Please note that this resource requires Flash.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Modern Physics
- Atomic Physics
= Atomic Models
= Electron Properties
- Nuclear Physics
= Models of the Nucleus
Other Sciences
- Chemistry
- High School
- Middle School
- Lower Undergraduate
- Instructional Material
= Problem/Problem Set
= Tutorial
- Audio/Visual
= Movie/Animation
Appropriate Courses Categories Ratings
- Physical Science
- Physics First
- Conceptual Physics
- Algebra-based Physics
- Activity
- Assessment
- New teachers
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Access Rights:
Free access
© 2003 VisionLearning
Additional information is available.
chemical bonds, electron, electron energy levels, hydrogen atom, ionic bonding, model of the nucleus, valence electron
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created July 12, 2011 by Caroline Hall
Record Updated:
August 4, 2016 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 1, 2006

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (2008 Version)

4. The Physical Setting

4D. The Structure of Matter
  • 6-8: 4D/M1a. All matter is made up of atoms, which are far too small to see directly through a microscope.
  • 9-12: 4D/H1. Atoms are made of a positively charged nucleus surrounded by negatively charged electrons. The nucleus is a tiny fraction of the volume of an atom but makes up almost all of its mass. The nucleus is composed of protons and neutrons which have roughly the same mass but differ in that protons are positively charged while neutrons have no electric charge.
  • 9-12: 4D/H2. The number of protons in the nucleus determines what an atom's electron configuration can be and so defines the element. An atom's electron configuration, particularly the outermost electrons, determines how the atom can interact with other atoms. Atoms form bonds to other atoms by transferring or sharing electrons.

11. Common Themes

11B. Models
  • 6-8: 11B/M1. Models are often used to think about processes that happen too slowly, too quickly, or on too small a scale to observe directly. They are also used for processes that are too vast, too complex, or too dangerous to study.
  • 6-8: 11B/M4. Simulations are often useful in modeling events and processes.
11D. Scale
  • 6-8: 11D/M3. Natural phenomena often involve sizes, durations, and speeds that are extremely small or extremely large. These phenomena may be difficult to appreciate because they involve magnitudes far outside human experience.
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Record Link
AIP Format
A. Carpi, (Visionlearning, 2003), WWW Document, (https://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1/Chemical-Bonding/55).
A. Carpi, Visionlearning: Chemical Bonding (Visionlearning, 2003), <https://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1/Chemical-Bonding/55>.
APA Format
Carpi, A. (2006, January 1). Visionlearning: Chemical Bonding. Retrieved June 14, 2024, from Visionlearning: https://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1/Chemical-Bonding/55
Chicago Format
Carpi, Anthony. Visionlearning: Chemical Bonding. Visionlearning, January 1, 2006. https://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1/Chemical-Bonding/55 (accessed 14 June 2024).
MLA Format
Carpi, Anthony. Visionlearning: Chemical Bonding. Visionlearning, 2003. 1 Jan. 2006. National Science Foundation. 14 June 2024 <https://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1/Chemical-Bonding/55>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Anthony Carpi", Title = {Visionlearning: Chemical Bonding}, Publisher = {Visionlearning}, Volume = {2024}, Number = {14 June 2024}, Month = {January 1, 2006}, Year = {2003} }
Refer Export Format

%A Anthony Carpi %T Visionlearning: Chemical Bonding %D January 1, 2006 %I Visionlearning %U https://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1/Chemical-Bonding/55 %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source %A Carpi, Anthony %D January 1, 2006 %T Visionlearning: Chemical Bonding %I Visionlearning %V 2024 %N 14 June 2024 %8 January 1, 2006 %9 text/html %U https://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1/Chemical-Bonding/55

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