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written by Carol Dweck
During the past several decades, my colleagues and I have conducted research identifying two distinct ways in which individuals view intelligence and learning. Individuals with a fixed mindset believe that their intelligence is simply an inborn trait--they have a certain amount, and that's that. In contrast, individuals with a growth mindset believe that they can develop their intelligence over time. These two mindsets lead to different school behaviors. This article discusses strategies to prepare students for building a growth mindset and creating a culture of risk-taking.
Educational Leadership: Volume 68, Issue 1, Pages 1-5
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education Foundations
- Behavior
- Cognition
= Cognition Development
- Student Characteristics
= Affect
Education Practices
- Learning Environment
- High School
- Middle School
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Article
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© 2010 ASCD
Growth Mindset, instructonal strategies, student achievement, student buy-in, student engagement, student motivation, teaching methods
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 7, 2022 by Lauren Bauman
Record Updated:
August 16, 2022 by Caroline Hall
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when Cataloged:
January 1, 2010
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AIP Format
C. Dweck, , Educ. Leader. 68 (1), 1 (2010), WWW Document, (
C. Dweck, Even Geniuses Work Hard, Educ. Leader. 68 (1), 1 (2010), <>.
APA Format
Dweck, C. (2010, January 1). Even Geniuses Work Hard. Educ. Leader., 68(1), 1-5. Retrieved March 30, 2023, from
Chicago Format
Dweck, Carol. "Even Geniuses Work Hard." Educ. Leader. 68, no. 1, (January 1, 2010): 1-5, (accessed 30 March 2023).
MLA Format
Dweck, Carol. "Even Geniuses Work Hard." Educ. Leader. 68.1 (2010): 1-5. 30 Mar. 2023 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Carol Dweck", Title = {Even Geniuses Work Hard}, Journal = {Educ. Leader.}, Volume = {68}, Number = {1}, Pages = {1-5}, Month = {January}, Year = {2010} }
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%A Carol Dweck %T Even Geniuses Work Hard %J Educ. Leader. %V 68 %N 1 %D January 1, 2010 %P 1-5 %U %O text/html

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%0 Journal Article %A Dweck, Carol %D January 1, 2010 %T Even Geniuses Work Hard %J Educ. Leader. %V 68 %N 1 %P 1-5 %8 January 1, 2010 %U

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