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written by Stephanie J. Slater, Sharon Price-Schleigh, and Debra J. Stork
The development of valid and reliable strategies to efficiently determine the knowledge landscape of introductory astronomy college students is an effort of great interest to the astronomy education community. This study examines individual item response rates from a widely used conceptual understanding survey, the Test Of Astronomy Standards (TOAST). The TOAST, a 27-item, multiple-choice format, criterion-referenced test, addresses both the full range of topics commonly taught in one- or two-semester undergraduate introductory astronomy survey courses, and concepts described in various national science education standards, frameworks, and reform documents. The present study involves an examination of responses by 1104 participants, allowing for a rigorous item-by-item and distractor-by-distractor analysis of students' responses. The results suggest that each individual TOAST item is functioning appropriately across a broad range of students, and has sufficient sensitivity to identify notable student misconceptions. These results also provide an opportunity to identify target areas of opportunity for astronomy education researchers that remain largely unstudied.
Journal of Astronomy & Earth Sciences Education: Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 89-108
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Astronomy
- Astronomy Education
= Education Research
Education Foundations
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
= Instruments
- Research Design & Methodology
= Data
= Validity
- Sample Population
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. The correct license is CC-BY. The authors also retain copyright to this article.
Rights Holder:
Clute Institute
DOI:
10.19030/jaese.v2i2.9513
Keywords:
IRT, Item response theory, TOAST assessment, TOAST assessment validity, astronomy concept inventory
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created April 13, 2022 by Adrian Madsen
Record Updated:
May 5, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
December 9, 2015
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AIP Format
S. Slater, S. Price-Schleigh, and D. Stork, , J. Astro. Earth. Sci. Educ. 2 (2), 89 (2015), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.19030/jaese.v2i2.9513).
AJP/PRST-PER
S. Slater, S. Price-Schleigh, and D. Stork, Analysis of Individual Test Of Astronomy STandards (TOAST) Item Responses, J. Astro. Earth. Sci. Educ. 2 (2), 89 (2015), <https://doi.org/10.19030/jaese.v2i2.9513>.
APA Format
Slater, S., Price-Schleigh, S., & Stork, D. (2015, December 9). Analysis of Individual Test Of Astronomy STandards (TOAST) Item Responses. J. Astro. Earth. Sci. Educ., 2(2), 89-108. Retrieved December 5, 2023, from https://doi.org/10.19030/jaese.v2i2.9513
Chicago Format
Slater, S, S. Price-Schleigh, and D. Stork. "Analysis of Individual Test Of Astronomy STandards (TOAST) Item Responses." J. Astro. Earth. Sci. Educ. 2, no. 2, (December 9, 2015): 89-108, https://doi.org/10.19030/jaese.v2i2.9513 (accessed 5 December 2023).
MLA Format
Slater, Stephanie J., Sharon Price-Schleigh, and Debra J. Stork. "Analysis of Individual Test Of Astronomy STandards (TOAST) Item Responses." J. Astro. Earth. Sci. Educ. 2.2 (2015): 89-108. 5 Dec. 2023 <https://doi.org/10.19030/jaese.v2i2.9513>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Stephanie J. Slater and Sharon Price-Schleigh and Debra J. Stork", Title = {Analysis of Individual Test Of Astronomy STandards (TOAST) Item Responses}, Journal = {J. Astro. Earth. Sci. Educ.}, Volume = {2}, Number = {2}, Pages = {89-108}, Month = {December}, Year = {2015} }
Refer Export Format

%A Stephanie J. Slater %A Sharon Price-Schleigh %A Debra J. Stork %T Analysis of Individual Test Of Astronomy STandards (TOAST) Item Responses %J J. Astro. Earth. Sci. Educ. %V 2 %N 2 %D December 9, 2015 %P 89-108 %U https://doi.org/10.19030/jaese.v2i2.9513 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Slater, Stephanie J. %A Price-Schleigh, Sharon %A Stork, Debra J. %D December 9, 2015 %T Analysis of Individual Test Of Astronomy STandards (TOAST) Item Responses %J J. Astro. Earth. Sci. Educ. %V 2 %N 2 %P 89-108 %8 December 9, 2015 %U https://doi.org/10.19030/jaese.v2i2.9513


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