Detail Page

Physical Review Physics Education Research
written by Robert Krakehl and Angela M. Kelly
Access and performance in advanced high school physics have been persistently inequitable when considering student ethnicity and gender. This quasiexperimental, observational study examined access and performance of students in four Advanced Placement (AP) Physics courses in 2018–2019: AP Physics 1, AP Physics 2, AP Physics C Mechanics, and AP Physics C Electricity & Magnetism. The analysis utilized an intersectional lens of ethnicity and gender in identifying enrollment and performance disparities. Descriptive and inferential analyses were conducted to determine whether the distribution of student ethnicities and genders of students who took the examinations was similar to that overall population demographics in  U.S. schools. Further analyses were conducted to determine whether achievement on AP Physics examinations varied by 14 unique intersectional groups characterized by gender and ethnicity. Results indicated that AP Physics 1 was a relatively accessible course, though enrollment disparities among genders, ethnicities, and intersectional groups grew as the AP Physics courses became more advanced with physics and/or calculus prerequisites or corequisites. There were large decreases in course enrollments from first- to second-year AP Physics courses, particularly for women who were also underrepresented ethnic minorities. In terms of performance, AP Physics 1 had the lowest overall weighted average, with the majority of students failing the examination. Women who were traditionally underrepresented ethnic minorities were found to have failure rates of over 80% on the AP Physics 1 examination, and failure rates near 50% for AP Physics 2 and the AP Physics C courses compared to nonminority men who had approximately half the the failure rates.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 020105
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education Foundations
- Achievement
- Assessment
= Summative Assessment
- Research Design & Methodology
= Data
= Validity
- Sample Population
= Ethnicity or Race
= Gender
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
= Race Issues
Education Practices
- Recruitment
= Diversity
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- High School
- Reference Material
= Research study
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Professional/Practitioners
- Administrators
- Researchers
- application/pdf
- text/html
  • Currently 0.0/5

Want to rate this material?
Login here!


Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020105
Keywords:
educational equity, gender imbalance, structural inequality
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created November 10, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
January 25, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
July 29, 2021
Other Collections:

ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
R. Krakehl and A. Kelly, , Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020105 (2021), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020105).
AJP/PRST-PER
R. Krakehl and A. Kelly, Intersectional analysis of Advanced Placement Physics participation and performance by gender and ethnicity, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020105 (2021), <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020105>.
APA Format
Krakehl, R., & Kelly, A. (2021, July 29). Intersectional analysis of Advanced Placement Physics participation and performance by gender and ethnicity. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 17(2), 020105. Retrieved July 17, 2024, from https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020105
Chicago Format
Krakehl, Robert, and Angela M. Kelly. "Intersectional analysis of Advanced Placement Physics participation and performance by gender and ethnicity." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17, no. 2, (July 29, 2021): 020105, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020105 (accessed 17 July 2024).
MLA Format
Krakehl, Robert, and Angela M. Kelly. "Intersectional analysis of Advanced Placement Physics participation and performance by gender and ethnicity." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17.2 (2021): 020105. 17 July 2024 <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020105>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Robert Krakehl and Angela M. Kelly", Title = {Intersectional analysis of Advanced Placement Physics participation and performance by gender and ethnicity}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {17}, Number = {2}, Pages = {020105}, Month = {July}, Year = {2021} }
Refer Export Format

%A Robert Krakehl %A Angela M. Kelly %T Intersectional analysis of Advanced Placement Physics participation and performance by gender and ethnicity %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %D July 29, 2021 %P 020105 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020105 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Krakehl, Robert %A Kelly, Angela M. %D July 29, 2021 %T Intersectional analysis of Advanced Placement Physics participation and performance by gender and ethnicity %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %P 020105 %8 July 29, 2021 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020105


Disclaimer: ComPADRE offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure. Please refer to the style manuals in the Citation Source Information area for clarifications.

Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Style.org: Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

Save to my folders

Contribute

Similar Materials