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Physical Review Physics Education Research
written by Bei Cai, Lindsay Mainhood, Ryan Groome, Corinne Laverty, and Alastair McLean
This article discusses an investigation of physics students' behavior in a second-year laboratory by analyzing transcribed audio recordings of laboratory sessions. One student group was given both a problem and procedure and asked to analyze and explain their results. Another was provided with only the problem and asked to design and execute the experiment, interpret the data, and draw conclusions. These two approaches involved different levels of student inquiry and they have been described as guided and open inquiry, respectively. The latter gave students more opportunities to practice "designing experiments," one of the six major learning outcomes in the recommendations for the undergraduate physics laboratory curriculum by the American Association of Physics Teachers. Qualitative analysis was performed of the audio transcripts to identify emergent themes and it was augmented by quantitative analysis for a richer understanding of student behavior. An important finding is that significant improvements can be made to undergraduate laboratories impacting student behavior by increasing the level of inquiry in laboratory experiments. This is most easily achieved by requiring students to design their own experimental procedures.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 020109
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education Foundations
- Behavior
- Problem Solving
= Processes
- Student Characteristics
= Skills
Education Practices
- Active Learning
= Inquiry Learning
- Curriculum Development
= Laboratory
- Instructional Material Design
= Activity
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
Optics
- Diffraction
- Lower Undergraduate
- High School
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020109
NSF Numbers:
DUE
1525775
Keywords:
diffraction grating, diffraction inquiry lab, diffraction lab, grating equation, open-inquiry experiment
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created November 10, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
January 25, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
August 20, 2021
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AIP Format
B. Cai, L. Mainhood, R. Groome, C. Laverty, and A. McLean, , Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020109 (2021), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020109).
AJP/PRST-PER
B. Cai, L. Mainhood, R. Groome, C. Laverty, and A. McLean, Student behavior in undergraduate physics laboratories: Designing experiments, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (2), 020109 (2021), <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020109>.
APA Format
Cai, B., Mainhood, L., Groome, R., Laverty, C., & McLean, A. (2021, August 20). Student behavior in undergraduate physics laboratories: Designing experiments. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 17(2), 020109. Retrieved June 12, 2024, from https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020109
Chicago Format
Cai, B, L. Mainhood, R. Groome, C. Laverty, and A. McLean. "Student behavior in undergraduate physics laboratories: Designing experiments." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17, no. 2, (August 20, 2021): 020109, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020109 (accessed 12 June 2024).
MLA Format
Cai, Bei, Lindsay Mainhood, Ryan Groome, Corinne Laverty, and Alastair McLean. "Student behavior in undergraduate physics laboratories: Designing experiments." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17.2 (2021): 020109. 12 June 2024 <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020109>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Bei Cai and Lindsay Mainhood and Ryan Groome and Corinne Laverty and Alastair McLean", Title = {Student behavior in undergraduate physics laboratories: Designing experiments}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {17}, Number = {2}, Pages = {020109}, Month = {August}, Year = {2021} }
Refer Export Format

%A Bei Cai %A Lindsay Mainhood %A Ryan Groome %A Corinne Laverty %A Alastair McLean %T Student behavior in undergraduate physics laboratories: Designing experiments %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %D August 20, 2021 %P 020109 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020109 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Cai, Bei %A Mainhood, Lindsay %A Groome, Ryan %A Laverty, Corinne %A McLean, Alastair %D August 20, 2021 %T Student behavior in undergraduate physics laboratories: Designing experiments %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 2 %P 020109 %8 August 20, 2021 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020109


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