Detail Page

Physical Review Physics Education Research
written by Diana Sachmpazidi and Charles R. Henderson
High attrition rates in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines are an ongoing problem. Graduate student attrition, in particular, is understudied. Most past studies have focused on students' attributes, undergraduate preparation, and mentoring relationships. Emerging results from the implementation of the American Physical Society Bridge Program (APSBP) suggest that departmental support structures could lead to increased retention. However, there are no validated instruments to measure students' experience of the departmental support structures. This paper describes the development and psychometric evaluation of the aspects of student experience scale (ASES). Items were developed based on prior literature and the APSBP recommendations, revised based on APSBP feedback, and subjected to psychometric evaluation. Principal components analysis of data from 397 students at 19 physics graduate programs (2 M.S. and 17 Ph.D.) across the U.S. resulted in four distinct factors: (a) mentoring and research experience, (b) professional development, (c) social and academic integration, and (d) financial support. ASES meets the standard criteria for divergent validity, discriminant validity, and internal consistency. Results of students' ASES response ratings are discussed, along with comparisons between students enrolled at APSBP and non-APSBP affiliated graduate programs. On average, we find that physics graduate students experience adequate mentoring and financial support; however, they report experiencing limited social and academic integration and a lack of professional development. We also find that students in APSBP affiliated programs report better experiences on all four factors than students in non-APSBP affiliated programs, with higher differences in social and academic integration and financial support. This study is a starting point for the refinement process of this instrument.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 010123
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education Foundations
- Assessment
= Instruments
- Behavior
= Social Interaction
- Research Design & Methodology
= Evaluation
- Student Characteristics
= Affect
Education Practices
- Recruitment
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Graduate/Professional
- Reference Material
= Research study
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Administrators
- Researchers
- Educators
- application/pdf
- text/html
  • Currently 0.0/5

Want to rate this material?
Login here!


Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010123
Keywords:
physics attitudes, student attitudes, student retention
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created May 12, 2021 by Bruce Mason
Record Updated:
March 24, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
March 31, 2021
Other Collections:

ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
D. Sachmpazidi and C. Henderson, , Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (1), 010123 (2021), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010123).
AJP/PRST-PER
D. Sachmpazidi and C. Henderson, Departmental support structures for physics graduate students: Development and psychometric evaluation of a self-report instrument, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17 (1), 010123 (2021), <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010123>.
APA Format
Sachmpazidi, D., & Henderson, C. (2021, March 31). Departmental support structures for physics graduate students: Development and psychometric evaluation of a self-report instrument. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 17(1), 010123. Retrieved December 8, 2023, from https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010123
Chicago Format
Sachmpazidi, Diana, and Charles Henderson. "Departmental support structures for physics graduate students: Development and psychometric evaluation of a self-report instrument." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17, no. 1, (March 31, 2021): 010123, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010123 (accessed 8 December 2023).
MLA Format
Sachmpazidi, Diana, and Charles Henderson. "Departmental support structures for physics graduate students: Development and psychometric evaluation of a self-report instrument." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 17.1 (2021): 010123. 8 Dec. 2023 <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010123>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Diana Sachmpazidi and Charles Henderson", Title = {Departmental support structures for physics graduate students: Development and psychometric evaluation of a self-report instrument}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {17}, Number = {1}, Pages = {010123}, Month = {March}, Year = {2021} }
Refer Export Format

%A Diana Sachmpazidi %A Charles Henderson %T Departmental support structures for physics graduate students: Development and psychometric evaluation of a self-report instrument %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 1 %D March 31, 2021 %P 010123 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010123 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Sachmpazidi, Diana %A Henderson, Charles %D March 31, 2021 %T Departmental support structures for physics graduate students: Development and psychometric evaluation of a self-report instrument %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 17 %N 1 %P 010123 %8 March 31, 2021 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.010123


Disclaimer: ComPADRE offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure. Please refer to the style manuals in the Citation Source Information area for clarifications.

Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Style.org: Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

Save to my folders

Contribute

Similar Materials