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Physical Review Physics Education Research
written by Stefan Kuchemann, Pascal Klein, Henning Fouckhardt, S. Gröber, and Jochen Kuhn
The concepts of the Coriolis and the centrifugal force are essential in various scientific fields and they are standard components of introductory physics lectures. In this paper, we explore how students understand and apply concepts of rotating frames of reference in the context of an example lecture demonstration experiment. We found in a predict-observe-explain setting that after predicting the outcome prior to the demonstration, only one out of five physics students correctly reported the observation of the trajectory of a sphere rolling over a rotating disc. Despite this low score, a detailed analysis of distractors revealed a significant improvement in the distractor choices during the observation of the experiment. In this context, we identified three main preconceptions and learning difficulties: The centrifugal force seems to be only required to describe the trajectory if the object is coupled to the rotating system, the inertial forces cause a reaction of an object on which they act, and students systematically mix up the trajectories in the stationary and the rotating frame of reference. Furthermore, we captured students' eye movements during the predict task and found that physics students with low confidence ratings focused longer on relevant task areas than confident students despite having a comparable score. Consequently, this metric is a helpful tool for the identification of preconceptions using eye tracking. Overall, the results help us to understand the complexity of concept learning from demonstration experiments and provide important implications for instructional design of introductions to rotating frames of reference.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 010112
Subjects ADS Supplements Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- Relative Motion
= Coriolis Effect
= Rotating Reference Frames
Education Practices
- Instructional Material Design
= Activity
General Physics
- Scientific Reasoning
Relativity
- Reference Frames
= Non-inertial
- Reference Material
= Research study
Levels Intended Users Ratings
- Lower Undergraduate
- Researchers
- Professional/Practitioners
- Administrators
- Educators
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This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.16.010112
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created June 15, 2020 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
January 18, 2023 by Caroline Hall
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when Cataloged:
March 24, 2020
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AIP Format
S. Kuchemann, P. Klein, H. Fouckhardt, S. Gröber, and J. Kuhn, , Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 16 (1), 010112 (2020), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.16.010112).
AJP/PRST-PER
S. Kuchemann, P. Klein, H. Fouckhardt, S. Gröber, and J. Kuhn, Students’ understanding of non-inertial frames of reference, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 16 (1), 010112 (2020), <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.16.010112>.
APA Format
Kuchemann, S., Klein, P., Fouckhardt, H., Gröber, S., & Kuhn, J. (2020, March 24). Students’ understanding of non-inertial frames of reference. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 16(1), 010112. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.16.010112
Chicago Format
Kuchemann, S, P. Klein, H. Fouckhardt, S. Gröber, and J. Kuhn. "Students’ understanding of non-inertial frames of reference." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 16, no. 1, (March 24, 2020): 010112, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.16.010112 (accessed 8 February 2023).
MLA Format
Kuchemann, Stefan, Pascal Klein, Henning Fouckhardt, S. Gröber, and Jochen Kuhn. "Students’ understanding of non-inertial frames of reference." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 16.1 (2020): 010112. 8 Feb. 2023 <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.16.010112>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Stefan Kuchemann and Pascal Klein and Henning Fouckhardt and S. Gröber and Jochen Kuhn", Title = {Students’ understanding of non-inertial frames of reference}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {16}, Number = {1}, Pages = {010112}, Month = {March}, Year = {2020} }
Refer Export Format

%A Stefan Kuchemann %A Pascal Klein %A Henning Fouckhardt %A S. Gröber %A Jochen Kuhn %T Students' understanding of non-inertial frames of reference %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 16 %N 1 %D March 24, 2020 %P 010112 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.16.010112 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Kuchemann, Stefan %A Klein, Pascal %A Fouckhardt, Henning %A Gröber, S. %A Kuhn, Jochen %D March 24, 2020 %T Students' understanding of non-inertial frames of reference %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 16 %N 1 %P 010112 %8 March 24, 2020 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.16.010112


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