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written by Susan Ramlo
The Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation (FMCE) is a multiple-choice test that has been used to evaluate physics instruction. However, the validity and reliability estimates have not been determined in a way a social scientist would expect. Few psychometric data were used to estimate the validity and reliability of the FMCE instrument. This study used several methods to estimate the reliability and structural validity of the FMCE instrument. Data from the first semester of a non-calculus physics course was used to calculate Cronbach alpha reliability estimates and, using factor analysis, evaluate the construct validity of the instrument. For the pilot study, the pretest was given to 38 students and the post-test to 20. Fifty-four students participated in the fall 2002 pretest. A table of specifications also was used to estimate the content validity of the FMCE. The pilot study suggested that the FMCE is a valid and reliable measure of the concepts of force and motion, and the ongoing study will provide further investigation.
Series Name:  ERIC Database
Issue ED471542
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education Foundations
- Assessment
= Instruments
- Lower Undergraduate
- High School
- Reference Material
= Report
= Research study
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Researchers
- Educators
- application/pdf
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Free access
© 2002 Susan Ramlo
reliability test, validity test
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created October 28, 2014 by Bruce Mason
Record Updated:
August 19, 2020 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
October 1, 2002
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AIP Format
S. Ramlo, , Report No. ED471542, 2002, WWW Document, (
S. Ramlo, The Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation, , Report No. ED471542, 2002, <>.
APA Format
Ramlo, S. (2002). The Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation (Report No. ED471542). Retrieved January 17, 2022, from
Chicago Format
Ramlo, Susan. "The Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation." In ERIC Database, 17. 2002. (accessed 17 January 2022).
MLA Format
Ramlo, Susan. The Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation. 2002. 17 Jan. 2022 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@techreport{ Author = "Susan Ramlo", Title = {The Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation}, Number = {ED471542}, Month = {October}, Year = {2002} }
Refer Export Format

%A Susan Ramlo %T The Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation %R ED471542 %S ERIC Database %D October 1, 2002 %P 17 %U %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Report %A Ramlo, Susan %D October 1, 2002 %T The Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation %N ED471542 %P 17 %8 October 1, 2002 %@ ED471542 %U

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