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Systematic study of student understanding of the relationships between the directions of force, velocity, and acceleration in one dimension
written by Rebecca Rosenblatt and Andrew F. Heckler
We developed an instrument to systematically investigate student conceptual understanding of the relationships between the directions of net force, velocity, and acceleration in one dimension and report on data collected on the final version of the instrument from over 650 students. Unlike previous work, we simultaneously studied all six possible conditional relations between force, velocity, and acceleration in order to obtain a coherent picture of student understanding of the relations between all three concepts. We present a variety of evidence demonstrating the validity and reliability of the instrument. An analysis of student responses from three different course levels revealed three main findings. First, a significant fraction of students chose "partially correct" responses, and from pre- to post-test, many students moved from "misconception" to partially correct responses, or from partially correct to fully correct responses. Second, there were asymmetries in responding to conditional relations. For example, students answered questions of the form "Given the velocity, what can be inferred about the net force?" differently than converse questions "Given the net force, what can be inferred about the velocity?" Third, there was evidence of hierarchies in student responses, suggesting, for example, that understanding the relation between velocity and acceleration is necessary for understanding the relation between velocity and force, but the converse is not true. Finally, we briefly discuss how these findings might be applied to instruction.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- Motion in One Dimension
= Acceleration
= Velocity
- Motion in Two Dimensions
= 2D Acceleration
= 2D Velocity
- Newton's Second Law
= Force, Acceleration
Education Foundations
- Alternative Conceptions
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Mirror:
https://doi.org/doi:10.1103/PhysR…
Access Rights:
Free access
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.7.020112
IES Grant:
R305H050125
PACSs:
01.40.Fk
01.50.Kw
01.40.Ha
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created April 30, 2012 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
May 21, 2012 by Vince Kuo
Last Update
when Cataloged:
November 2, 2011
Other Collections:

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AIP Format
R. Rosenblatt and A. Heckler, Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 7 (2), 020112 (2011), WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11930&DocID=2808).
AJP/PRST-PER
R. Rosenblatt and A. Heckler, Systematic study of student understanding of the relationships between the directions of force, velocity, and acceleration in one dimension, Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 7 (2), 020112 (2011), <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11930&DocID=2808>.
APA Format
Rosenblatt, R., & Heckler, A. (2011, November 2). Systematic study of student understanding of the relationships between the directions of force, velocity, and acceleration in one dimension. Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res., 7(2), 020112. Retrieved January 19, 2021, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11930&DocID=2808
Chicago Format
Rosenblatt, Rebecca, and Andrew F. Heckler. "Systematic study of student understanding of the relationships between the directions of force, velocity, and acceleration in one dimension." Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 7, no. 2, (November 2, 2011): 020112, https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11930&DocID=2808 (accessed 19 January 2021).
MLA Format
Rosenblatt, Rebecca, and Andrew F. Heckler. "Systematic study of student understanding of the relationships between the directions of force, velocity, and acceleration in one dimension." Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 7.2 (2011): 020112. 19 Jan. 2021 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11930&DocID=2808>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Rebecca Rosenblatt and Andrew F. Heckler", Title = {Systematic study of student understanding of the relationships between the directions of force, velocity, and acceleration in one dimension}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {7}, Number = {2}, Pages = {020112}, Month = {November}, Year = {2011} }
Refer Export Format

%A Rebecca Rosenblatt
%A Andrew F. Heckler
%T Systematic study of student understanding of the relationships between the directions of force, velocity, and acceleration in one dimension
%J Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 7
%N 2
%D November 2, 2011
%P 020112
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Rosenblatt, Rebecca
%A Heckler, Andrew F.
%D November 2, 2011
%T Systematic study of student understanding of the relationships between the directions of force, velocity, and acceleration in one dimension
%J Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 7
%N 2
%P 020112
%8 November 2, 2011

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