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Time to PhD completion is no different between men and women despite score gap on physics GRE
written by Michael Verostek, Casey W. Miller, and Benjamin M. Zwickl
Using analysis of variance on a sample consisting of 1,499 US students across 21 US PhD programs, we show that there is no significant difference in the time it takes US male and female physics PhD students to complete their degree programs. This result comes in spite of a statistically significant 18 percentile point gap in median GRE-P scores between genders.  Additional analyses reveal that there is no statistical difference between US students reported as White, Black/Hispanic/Multiracial/Native American, and Asian.  Expanding our sample to also include 1,143 Non-US students, we find a small but significant effect of citizenship status on time to PhD completion where the average time for Non-US students to complete a physics PhD is about two months less than their US student counterparts.  These results show that in spite of known gaps in standardized admissions exams between genders, these differences are not reflected in subsequent graduate school performance.  Our findings reinforce the need for graduate admissions committees to go beyond quantitative metrics and conduct a holistic assessment of an applicant's potential to perform research effectively and to earn a PhD.
Physics Education Research Conference 2021
Part of the PER Conference series
Virtual Conference: August 4-5, 2021
Pages 414-419
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Achievement
- Sample Population
= Background: National Origin
= Ethnicity or Race
= Gender
- Student Characteristics
- Graduate/Professional
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Researchers
- Professional/Practitioners
- Administrators
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Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
https://doi.org/10.1119/perc.2021…
Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the published article's author(s), title, proceedings citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/perc.2021.pr.Verostek
NSF Numbers:
1633275
1834516
Keyword:
PERC 2021
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created October 4, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
October 7, 2021 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
October 10, 2021
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Record Link
AIP Format
M. Verostek, C. Miller, and B. Zwickl, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference, 2021, WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15790&DocID=5519).
AJP/PRST-PER
M. Verostek, C. Miller, and B. Zwickl, Time to PhD completion is no different between men and women despite score gap on physics GRE, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference, 2021, <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15790&DocID=5519>.
APA Format
Verostek, M., Miller, C., & Zwickl, B. (2021, August 4-5). Time to PhD completion is no different between men and women despite score gap on physics GRE. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference. Retrieved October 23, 2021, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15790&DocID=5519
Chicago Format
Verostek, M, C. Miller, and B. Zwickl. "Time to PhD completion is no different between men and women despite score gap on physics GRE." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2021, Virtual Conference, August 4-5, 2021. https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15790&DocID=5519 (accessed 23 October 2021).
MLA Format
Verostek, Michael, Casey Miller, and Benjamin Zwickl. "Time to PhD completion is no different between men and women despite score gap on physics GRE." Physics Education Research Conference 2021. Virtual Conference: 2021. 414-419 of PER Conference. 23 Oct. 2021 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15790&DocID=5519>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Michael Verostek and Casey Miller and Benjamin Zwickl", Title = {Time to PhD completion is no different between men and women despite score gap on physics GRE}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2021}, Pages = {414-419}, Address = {Virtual Conference}, Series = {PER Conference}, Month = {August 4-5}, Year = {2021} }
Refer Export Format

%A Michael Verostek %A Casey Miller %A Benjamin Zwickl %T Time to PhD completion is no different between men and women despite score gap on physics GRE %S PER Conference %D August 4-5 2021 %P 414-419 %C Virtual Conference %U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15790&DocID=5519 %O Physics Education Research Conference 2021 %O August 4-5 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings %A Verostek, Michael %A Miller, Casey %A Zwickl, Benjamin %D August 4-5 2021 %T Time to PhD completion is no different between men and women despite score gap on physics GRE %B Physics Education Research Conference 2021 %C Virtual Conference %P 414-419 %S PER Conference %8 August 4-5 %U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15790&DocID=5519


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