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Inconsistent gender differences in self-efficacy and performance for engineering majors in physics and other disciplines: A cause for alarm?
written by Kyle M. Whitcomb, Z. Yasemin Kalender, Timothy J. Nokes-Malach, Christian D. Schunn, and Chandralekha Singh
Prior research has shown that self-efficacy can be a critical factor in student learning and performance in different STEM disciplines. Moreover, although past research has documented self-efficacy differences between female and male students in some STEM disciplines, there has not been research comparing these relations across disciplines. In order to better understand these relations and how self-efficacy and academic performance are related, we analyzed undergraduate engineering students' physics, mathematics, engineering, and chemistry grades using large-scale institutional data and their self-reported self-efficacy using a validated survey in each of these disciplines to examine gender differences in engineering students' self-efficacy and course grades. We find discipline-dependent trends in the relationship between self-efficacy and course grades, including a self-efficacy gender gap in physics which does not close by the fourth year in engineering along with a gender gap in physics course grade that favors men despite women engineering majors outperforming men in every other discipline. The troubling trends reported here should be addressed in order to make STEM learning equitable and inclusive.
Physics Education Research Conference 2019
Part of the PER Conference series
Provo, UT: July 24-25, 2019
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Achievement
- Cognition
- Sample Population
= Gender
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
- Student Characteristics
= Affect
Other Sciences
- Engineering
- Upper Undergraduate
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Researchers
- Professional/Practitioners
- Administrators
- Educators
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Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/perc.20…
Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the published article's author(s), title, proceedings citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/perc.2019.pr.Whitcomb
NSF Number:
1524575
Keyword:
PERC 2019
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created December 31, 2019 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
December 31, 2019 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
December 31, 2019
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
K. Whitcomb, Z. Kalender, T. Nokes-Malach, C. Schunn, and C. Singh, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2019, Provo, UT, 2019, WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15234&DocID=5149).
AJP/PRST-PER
K. Whitcomb, Z. Kalender, T. Nokes-Malach, C. Schunn, and C. Singh, Inconsistent gender differences in self-efficacy and performance for engineering majors in physics and other disciplines: A cause for alarm?, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2019, Provo, UT, 2019, <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15234&DocID=5149>.
APA Format
Whitcomb, K., Kalender, Z., Nokes-Malach, T., Schunn, C., & Singh, C. (2019, July 24-25). Inconsistent gender differences in self-efficacy and performance for engineering majors in physics and other disciplines: A cause for alarm?. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2019, Provo, UT. Retrieved February 24, 2020, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15234&DocID=5149
Chicago Format
Whitcomb, K, Z. Kalender, T. Nokes-Malach, C. Schunn, and C. Singh. "Inconsistent gender differences in self-efficacy and performance for engineering majors in physics and other disciplines: A cause for alarm?." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2019, Provo, UT, July 24-25, 2019. https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15234&DocID=5149 (accessed 24 February 2020).
MLA Format
Whitcomb, Kyle M., Z. Yasemin Kalender, Timothy J. Nokes-Malach, Christian Schunn, and Chandralekha Singh. "Inconsistent gender differences in self-efficacy and performance for engineering majors in physics and other disciplines: A cause for alarm?." Physics Education Research Conference 2019. Provo, UT: 2019. of PER Conference. 24 Feb. 2020 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15234&DocID=5149>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Kyle M. Whitcomb and Z. Yasemin Kalender and Timothy J. Nokes-Malach and Christian Schunn and Chandralekha Singh", Title = {Inconsistent gender differences in self-efficacy and performance for engineering majors in physics and other disciplines: A cause for alarm?}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2019}, Address = {Provo, UT}, Series = {PER Conference}, Month = {July 24-25}, Year = {2019} }
Refer Export Format

%A Kyle M. Whitcomb
%A Z. Yasemin Kalender
%A Timothy J. Nokes-Malach
%A Christian Schunn
%A Chandralekha Singh
%T Inconsistent gender differences in self-efficacy and performance for engineering majors in physics and other disciplines: A cause for alarm?
%S PER Conference
%D July 24-25 2019
%C Provo, UT
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15234&DocID=5149
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2019
%O July 24-25
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Whitcomb, Kyle M.
%A Kalender, Z. Yasemin
%A Nokes-Malach, Timothy J.
%A Schunn, Christian
%A Singh, Chandralekha
%D July 24-25 2019
%T Inconsistent gender differences in self-efficacy and performance for engineering majors in physics and other disciplines: A cause for alarm?
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2019
%C Provo, UT
%S PER Conference
%8 July 24-25
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=15234&DocID=5149


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Inconsistent gender differences in self-efficacy and performance for engineering majors in physics and other disciplines: A cause for alarm?:


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