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Physical Review Physics Education Research
written by Lei Bao, Yang Xiao, Kathleen M. Koenig, and Jing Han
In science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education there has been increased emphasis on teaching goals that include not only the learning of content knowledge but also the development of scientific reasoning skills. The Lawson classroom test of scientific reasoning (LCTSR) is a popular assessment instrument for scientific reasoning. Through large scale applications, however, several issues have been observed regarding the validity of the LCTSR. This paper will review the literature on the assessment of scientific reasoning and provide a detailed analysis of the current version of LCTSR in regards to its validity and measurement features. The results suggest that the LCTSR is a practical tool for assessing a unidimensional scale of scientific reasoning. The instrument has a good overall reliability for the whole test. However, inspections of individual question pairs reveal a variety of validity concerns for five of the total twelve question pairs. These five question pairs have a considerable amount of inconsistent response patterns. Qualitative analysis also indicates wide ranging question design issues. Therefore, assessment of subskills involved with the five question pairs may have less power due to their questionable validity.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 020106
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
= Instruments
- Research Design & Methodology
= Data
= Validity
- Sample Population
- Student Characteristics
= Skills
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Scientific Reasoning
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.14.020106
NSF Numbers:
DUE-1044724
DUE-1431908
DRL-1417983
DUE-1712238
Keywords:
LCTSR validity, Lawson diagnostic assessment, scientific reasoning assessment
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created December 31, 2018 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
June 16, 2022 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
August 17, 2018
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Record Link
AIP Format
L. Bao, Y. Xiao, K. Koenig, and J. Han, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 14 (2), 020106 (2018), WWW Document, (https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.14.020106).
AJP/PRST-PER
L. Bao, Y. Xiao, K. Koenig, and J. Han, Validity evaluation of the Lawson classroom test of scientific reasoning, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 14 (2), 020106 (2018), <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.14.020106>.
APA Format
Bao, L., Xiao, Y., Koenig, K., & Han, J. (2018, August 17). Validity evaluation of the Lawson classroom test of scientific reasoning. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 14(2), 020106. Retrieved June 27, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.14.020106
Chicago Format
Bao, L, Y. Xiao, K. Koenig, and J. Han. "Validity evaluation of the Lawson classroom test of scientific reasoning." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 14, no. 2, (August 17, 2018): 020106, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.14.020106 (accessed 27 June 2022).
MLA Format
Bao, Lei, Yang Xiao, Kathleen Koenig, and Jing Han. "Validity evaluation of the Lawson classroom test of scientific reasoning." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 14.2 (2018): 020106. 27 June 2022 <https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.14.020106>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Lei Bao and Yang Xiao and Kathleen Koenig and Jing Han", Title = {Validity evaluation of the Lawson classroom test of scientific reasoning}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {14}, Number = {2}, Pages = {020106}, Month = {August}, Year = {2018} }
Refer Export Format

%A Lei Bao %A Yang Xiao %A Kathleen Koenig %A Jing Han %T Validity evaluation of the Lawson classroom test of scientific reasoning %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 14 %N 2 %D August 17, 2018 %P 020106 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.14.020106 %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article %A Bao, Lei %A Xiao, Yang %A Koenig, Kathleen %A Han, Jing %D August 17, 2018 %T Validity evaluation of the Lawson classroom test of scientific reasoning %J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. %V 14 %N 2 %P 020106 %8 August 17, 2018 %U https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.14.020106


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