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How to structure an unstructured activity: Generating physics rules from simulation or contrasting cases
written by Shima Salehi, Martin Keil, Eric Kuo, and Carl E. Wieman
Studies show that having students attempt to invent a scientific rule ("invention activity") before receiving direct instruction benefits their learning. However, the design affordances of these invention activities have not been fully addressed. In this paper, we compare the effect of two different brief invention activities on student learning about buoyancy. In one treatment condition, students are provided with contrasting cases of a phenomenon to invent the rule. In the other treatment condition, students explore the phenomenon using an interactive simulation. Students in the contrasting cases condition invented more complete rules and performed significantly better in solving buoyancy problems. We hypothesize that this difference between conditions results from different levels of attention to important features of the phenomenon, which we illustrate with differences in what students explore in the simulation. This study suggests that proper scaffolding to ensure sufficient exposure to the underlying structure is essential in designing an invention activity.
Physics Education Research Conference 2015
Part of the PER Conference series
College Park, MD: July 29-30, 2015
Pages 291-294
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Instructional Material Design
= Simulation
- Pedagogy
- Technology
= Multimedia
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
- Behavior
Fluid Mechanics
- Statics of Fluids
= Density and Buoyancy
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Researchers
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Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/perc.20…
Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the published article's author(s), title, proceedings citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/perc.2015.pr.068
PACSs:
01.40.Fk
01.50.ht
Keyword:
PERC 2015
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created December 16, 2015 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
December 18, 2015 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
December 18, 2015
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
S. Salehi, M. Keil, E. Kuo, and C. Wieman, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2015, College Park, MD, 2015, WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13918&DocID=4336).
AJP/PRST-PER
S. Salehi, M. Keil, E. Kuo, and C. Wieman, How to structure an unstructured activity: Generating physics rules from simulation or contrasting cases, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2015, College Park, MD, 2015, <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13918&DocID=4336>.
APA Format
Salehi, S., Keil, M., Kuo, E., & Wieman, C. (2015, July 29-30). How to structure an unstructured activity: Generating physics rules from simulation or contrasting cases. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2015, College Park, MD. Retrieved December 12, 2017, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13918&DocID=4336
Chicago Format
Salehi, S, M. Keil, E. Kuo, and C. Wieman. "How to structure an unstructured activity: Generating physics rules from simulation or contrasting cases." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2015, College Park, MD, July 29-30, 2015. https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13918&DocID=4336 (accessed 12 December 2017).
MLA Format
Salehi, Shima, Martin Keil, Eric Kuo, and Carl Wieman. "How to structure an unstructured activity: Generating physics rules from simulation or contrasting cases." Physics Education Research Conference 2015. College Park, MD: 2015. 291-294 of PER Conference. 12 Dec. 2017 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13918&DocID=4336>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Shima Salehi and Martin Keil and Eric Kuo and Carl Wieman", Title = {How to structure an unstructured activity: Generating physics rules from simulation or contrasting cases}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2015}, Pages = {291-294}, Address = {College Park, MD}, Series = {PER Conference}, Month = {July 29-30}, Year = {2015} }
Refer Export Format

%A Shima Salehi
%A Martin Keil
%A Eric Kuo
%A Carl Wieman
%T How to structure an unstructured activity: Generating physics rules from simulation or contrasting cases
%S PER Conference
%D July 29-30 2015
%P 291-294
%C College Park, MD
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13918&DocID=4336
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2015
%O July 29-30
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Salehi, Shima
%A Keil, Martin
%A Kuo, Eric
%A Wieman, Carl
%D July 29-30 2015
%T How to structure an unstructured activity: Generating physics rules from simulation or contrasting cases
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2015
%C College Park, MD
%P 291-294
%S PER Conference
%8 July 29-30
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13918&DocID=4336


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