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Guiding without feeling guided: Implicit scaffolding through interactive simulation design
written by Ariel Paul, Noah S. Podolefsky, and Katherine K. Perkins
While PhET interactive simulations (sims) were historically designed for college students, they are used at lower grade levels, and we are currently developing sims targeted at middle school (MS). In studying how MS students interact with and learn from these sims, we have been extracting insights about design for the middle-grade-levels and across K-16. This collection of work has highlighted the importance of implicit scaffolding, a design framework that reduces the amount of explicit instruction needed to facilitate learning. We present a case study of redesigning a sim – Energy Skate Park (ESP) – for effective use in MS. We conducted think-aloud interviews with MS students to identify successful features, sources of confusion or unproductive distraction, as well as features inconsistent with grade-appropriate learning goals. Drawing on these data and the principle of implicit scaffolding, we developed Energy Skate Park Basics (ESPB). Interviews on ESPB demonstrate increased usability and learning for MS students.
Physics Education Research Conference 2012
Part of the PER Conference series
Philadelphia, PA: August 1-2, 2012
Volume 1513, Pages 302-305
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Instructional Material Design
= Simulation
- Technology
= Multimedia
Education - Basic Research
- Problem Solving
= Representational Use
- Middle School
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
- Researchers
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Formats:
application/pdf
non-digital
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4789712
Access Rights:
Free access and
Available for purchase
A preprint of the work is available. A hard copy of the PERC 2012 proceedings is available for purchase from the AIP.
Restriction:
© 2012 American Institute of Physics
DOI:
10.1063/1.4789712
NSF Number:
1020362
PACSs:
01.40.Fk
01.40.Ha
01.50.ht
Keywords:
Computer simulations, Epistemology, PERC 2012, PhET, representations, scaffolding, tools
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created June 27, 2013 by Zachary Davis
Record Updated:
June 1, 2015 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 24, 2013
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Record Link
AIP Format
A. Paul, N. Podolefsky, and K. Perkins, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2012, Philadelphia, PA, 2012, WWW Document, (https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12838&DocID=3371).
AJP/PRST-PER
A. Paul, N. Podolefsky, and K. Perkins, Guiding without feeling guided: Implicit scaffolding through interactive simulation design, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2012, Philadelphia, PA, 2012, <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12838&DocID=3371>.
APA Format
Paul, A., Podolefsky, N., & Perkins, K. (2012, August 1-2). Guiding without feeling guided: Implicit scaffolding through interactive simulation design. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2012, Philadelphia, PA. Retrieved October 14, 2019, from https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12838&DocID=3371
Chicago Format
Paul, A, N. Podolefsky, and K. Perkins. "Guiding without feeling guided: Implicit scaffolding through interactive simulation design." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2012, Philadelphia, PA, August 1-2, 2012. https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12838&DocID=3371 (accessed 14 October 2019).
MLA Format
Paul, Ariel, Noah S. Podolefsky, and Katherine Perkins. "Guiding without feeling guided: Implicit scaffolding through interactive simulation design." Physics Education Research Conference 2012. Philadelphia, PA: 2012. 302-305 Vol. 1513 of PER Conference. 14 Oct. 2019 <https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12838&DocID=3371>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Ariel Paul and Noah S. Podolefsky and Katherine Perkins", Title = {Guiding without feeling guided: Implicit scaffolding through interactive simulation design}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2012}, Pages = {302-305}, Address = {Philadelphia, PA}, Series = {PER Conference}, Volume = {1513}, Month = {August 1-2}, Year = {2012} }
Refer Export Format

%A Ariel Paul
%A Noah S. Podolefsky
%A Katherine Perkins
%T Guiding without feeling guided: Implicit scaffolding through interactive simulation design
%S PER Conference
%V 1513
%D August 1-2 2012
%P 302-305
%C Philadelphia, PA
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12838&DocID=3371
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2012
%O August 1-2
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Paul, Ariel
%A Podolefsky, Noah S.
%A Perkins, Katherine
%D August 1-2 2012
%T Guiding without feeling guided: Implicit scaffolding through interactive simulation design
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2012
%C Philadelphia, PA
%V 1513
%P 302-305
%S PER Conference
%8 August 1-2
%U https://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12838&DocID=3371


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