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written by Michael J. Lee and Wolfgang Christian
This Physlet based simulation illustrates the concept of total internal reflection through the use of a beam of light. The beam can be manipulated with the mouse enabling the user to investigate most aspects of Snell's Law.

Please note that this resource requires Java Applet Plug-in.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
- Geometrical Optics
= Reflection - Flat Surfaces
= Refraction - Flat Surfaces
= Total Internal Reflection
- Lower Undergraduate
- Middle School
- High School
- Instructional Material
= Interactive Simulation
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Learners
- Educators
- application/java
- text/html
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Access Rights:
Free access
© 1998
Additional information is available.
Snell's law, reflection, refraction, total internal reflection
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created June 22, 2008 by Taha Mzoughi
Record Updated:
August 19, 2020 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
May 16, 1998
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
M. Lee and W. Christian, (1998), WWW Document, (
M. Lee and W. Christian, Optics Bench: Internal Reflection (1998), <>.
APA Format
Lee, M., & Christian, W. (1998, May 16). Optics Bench: Internal Reflection. Retrieved July 15, 2024, from
Chicago Format
Lee, Michael J., and Wolfgang Christian. Optics Bench: Internal Reflection. May 16, 1998. (accessed 15 July 2024).
MLA Format
Lee, Michael J., and Wolfgang Christian. Optics Bench: Internal Reflection. 1998. 16 May 1998. 15 July 2024 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Michael J. Lee and Wolfgang Christian", Title = {Optics Bench: Internal Reflection}, Volume = {2024}, Number = {15 July 2024}, Month = {May 16, 1998}, Year = {1998} }
Refer Export Format

%A Michael J. Lee %A Wolfgang Christian %T Optics Bench: Internal Reflection %D May 16, 1998 %U %O application/java

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source %A Lee, Michael J. %A Christian, Wolfgang %D May 16, 1998 %T Optics Bench: Internal Reflection %V 2024 %N 15 July 2024 %8 May 16, 1998 %9 application/java %U

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Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

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