Crosscutting Concepts
NGSS Crosscutting Concepts Addressed by this Module

  • Grades 9-12: Different patterns may be observed at each of the scales at which a system is studied and can provide evidence for causality in explanations of phenomena.

  • Systems and System Models
  • Grades 9-12: Models (e.g., physical, mathematical, computer models) can be used to simulate systems and interactions--including energy, matter, and information flows--within and between systems at different scales.