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written by Michael Richmond
This web site contains lecture notes for an introductory course on galaxies and cosmology.  It is meant for a non-science audience with a limited background in trig and algebra.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
- Cosmology
- Galaxies
= Active Galaxies
- Lower Undergraduate
- Instructional Material
= Lecture/Presentation
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Educators
- Learners
- text/html
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Access Rights:
Free access
Released under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommerial-Share Alike 2.0 license.
Has a copyright or other licensing restriction.
andromeda, cepheids, gamma ray bursts, lensing, sloan digital sky survey
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created January 10, 2005 by Michael Richmond
Record Updated:
March 3, 2010 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
February 20, 2001
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
M. Richmond, , WWW Document, (
M. Richmond, Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology, <>.
APA Format
Richmond, M. (2001, February 20). Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology. Retrieved June 14, 2024, from
Chicago Format
Richmond, Michael. Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology. February 20, 2001. (accessed 14 June 2024).
MLA Format
Richmond, Michael. Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology. 20 Feb. 2001. 14 June 2024 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Michael Richmond", Title = {Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology}, Volume = {2024}, Number = {14 June 2024}, Month = {February 20, 2001}, Year = {} }
Refer Export Format

%A Michael Richmond %T Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology %D February 20, 2001 %U %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source %A Richmond, Michael %D February 20, 2001 %T Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology %V 2024 %N 14 June 2024 %8 February 20, 2001 %9 text/html %U

Disclaimer: ComPADRE offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure. Please refer to the style manuals in the Citation Source Information area for clarifications.

Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

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