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written by David Stern
This series of web pages gives an elementary discussion of cosmic rays, followed by sections on high energy particles in the universe and high-energy particles from the Sun.  It describes the existence of  particles whose velocity approaches that of light, their probable sources, and their measurement.  This is part of a large work, "The Exploration of the Earth's Magnetosphere", that gives a non-mathematical introduction to planetary and solar magnetic fields, space weather, aurora, and charged particle motion. A Spanish translation is available.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
- Fundamentals
= Energy and Temperature
- Instrumentation
= Gamma-ray Astronomy
- Stars
= Supernovae
Modern Physics
- Elementary Particles
- Lower Undergraduate
- High School
- Reference Material
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Learners
- Educators
- text/html
- image/gif
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Access Rights:
Free access
© 2005 David P. Stern
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created June 6, 2004 by David Stern
Record Updated:
July 11, 2006 by Patricia Monahan
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 24, 2005
Other Collections:

ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
D. Stern, (2005), WWW Document, (
D. Stern, Cosmic Rays (2005), <>.
APA Format
Stern, D. (2005, January 24). Cosmic Rays. Retrieved June 1, 2023, from
Chicago Format
Stern, David. Cosmic Rays. January 24, 2005. (accessed 1 June 2023).
MLA Format
Stern, David. Cosmic Rays. 2005. 24 Jan. 2005. 1 June 2023 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "David Stern", Title = {Cosmic Rays}, Volume = {2023}, Number = {1 June 2023}, Month = {January 24, 2005}, Year = {2005} }
Refer Export Format

%A David Stern %T Cosmic Rays %D January 24, 2005 %U %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source %A Stern, David %D January 24, 2005 %T Cosmic Rays %V 2023 %N 1 June 2023 %8 January 24, 2005 %9 text/html %U

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Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Electronic References.

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