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written by Greg Goebel
This site discusses white dwarfs: their history, their structure and evolution, how they can be detected, and how they help to determine the age of the universe.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
- Stars
= Neutron Stars and White Dwarfs
- Lower Undergraduate
- Upper Undergraduate
- Reference Material
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Learners
- Educators
- text/html
- image/jpeg
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Access Rights:
Free access
Does not have a copyright, license, or other use restriction.
Courtesy of:
Written by Greg Goebel; Published in the public domain.
Alvan Graham Clark, Electron Degeneracy, Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created March 15, 2004 by Kara Lehman
Record Updated:
August 23, 2020 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
February 1, 2007
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
G. Goebel, , Version 3.0.0 (2007), WWW Document, (
G. Goebel, Fossil Stars: White Dwarfs, Version 3.0.0 (2007), <>.
APA Format
Goebel, G. (2007, February 1). Fossil Stars: White Dwarfs. Retrieved December 11, 2023, from
Chicago Format
Goebel, Greg. Fossil Stars: White Dwarfs. February 1, 2007. (accessed 11 December 2023).
MLA Format
Goebel, Greg. Fossil Stars: White Dwarfs. Vers. 3.0.0. 2007. 1 Feb. 2007. 11 Dec. 2023 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Greg Goebel", Title = {Fossil Stars: White Dwarfs}, Volume = {2023}, Number = {11 December 2023}, Month = {February 1, 2007}, Year = {2007} }
Refer Export Format

%A Greg Goebel %T Fossil Stars: White Dwarfs %D February 1, 2007 %U %O 3.0.0 %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source %A Goebel, Greg %D February 1, 2007 %T Fossil Stars: White Dwarfs %V 2023 %N 11 December 2023 %7 3.0.0 %8 February 1, 2007 %9 text/html %U

Disclaimer: ComPADRE offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure. Please refer to the style manuals in the Citation Source Information area for clarifications.

Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

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