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written by Harold McIntosh
This online text is an exhaustive description of the role of symmetry in the degeneracy of a single-particle bound state system in quantum mechanics. Both non-relativistic and relativistic examples are studied.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Quantum Physics
- Symmetries in Quantum Mechanics
- Graduate/Professional
- Upper Undergraduate
- Instructional Material
= Textbook
= Tutorial
Categories Intended Users Ratings
- Background
- Learners
- Researchers
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Free access
© 2002 Harold V. McIntosh
Bertrand, Zitterbewegung, dirac, hydrogen, monopole
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created May 27, 2005 by Blake Laing
Record Updated:
July 22, 2006 by Bruce Mason
Last Update
when Cataloged:
March 19, 2002
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Record Link
AIP Format
H. McIntosh, (2002), WWW Document, (
H. McIntosh, Symmetry and Degeneracy, (2002), <>.
APA Format
McIntosh, H. (2002, March 19). Symmetry and Degeneracy. Retrieved May 26, 2022, from
Chicago Format
McIntosh, Harold. Symmetry and Degeneracy. March 19, 2002. (accessed 26 May 2022).
MLA Format
McIntosh, Harold. Symmetry and Degeneracy. 2002. 19 Mar. 2002. 26 May 2022 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Harold McIntosh", Title = {Symmetry and Degeneracy}, Volume = {2022}, Number = {26 May 2022}, Month = {March 19, 2002}, Year = {2002} }
Refer Export Format

%A Harold McIntosh %T Symmetry and Degeneracy %D March 19, 2002 %U %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source %A McIntosh, Harold %D March 19, 2002 %T Symmetry and Degeneracy %V 2022 %N 26 May 2022 %8 March 19, 2002 %9 text/html %U

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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Electronic References.

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