Chapter 20: Kinetic Theory and Ideal Gas Law

The connection between the macroscopic quantities of temperature and pressure and the microscopic quantities of internal energy and momentum is the subject of the kinetic theory of gases. We use the ideal gas as a model system to explore the connections between macroscopic and microscopic quantities. Often, we will use pressure-volume diagrams (PV diagrams) to provide a description of a thermodynamic process to show the work done and the change in internal energy associated with an input of energy.

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