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written by Paulo Freire
Available Languages: English, Portuguese
This free-access book is the more recent 30th Anniversary English edition of Brazilian educator Paulo Freire's influential Pedagogy of the Oppressed, originally written in Portuguese in 1968. The book develops a theory of education through the lens of disenfranchised and marginalized people, especially those living under 20th Century colonial rule. Freire believed that traditional education served to support the dominance and entitlement of socially privileged classes, serving to sustain the political and economic clout of the privileged few over the oppressed many. The theme of the book has been reimagined through thoughtful editing and introductory material to extend its relevance to marginalized groups in wealthier Western nations today. It still challenges the reader to consider what is necessary to overcome the oppression endemic to an exploitative society, in which "education must be remade" to inspire and enable the oppressed in their struggle for equity and full societal justice. Then as now, Pedagogy of the Oppressed focuses on  educational practices of consciousness-raising, dialogue, and collaboration between teacher and student in the effort to achieve greater humanization for all.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Pedagogy
Education - Basic Research
- Societal Issues
= Cultural Issues
= Gender Issues
= International Issues
= Race Issues
- Graduate/Professional
- High School
- Lower Undergraduate
- Upper Undergraduate
- Reference Material
PER-Central Types Intended Users Ratings
- Curriculum
- Curriculum / Pedagogy Guide
- Educators
- Professional/Practitioners
- Administrators
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Access Rights:
Free access
© 2005 Freire, Paulo
Authentic Instruction, CRE, Constructivist Theory, constructivism, culturally relevant education, education reform, educational justice, inclusivity, learning communities
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created November 25, 2021 by Sam McKagan
Record Updated:
July 7, 2022 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 1, 2005
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
P. Freire, , 30th Anniversary Edition ed. (2005), WWW Document, (https://envs.ucsc.edu/internships/internship-readings/freire-pedagogy-of-the-oppressed.pdf).
P. Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, 30th Anniversary Edition ed. (2005), <https://envs.ucsc.edu/internships/internship-readings/freire-pedagogy-of-the-oppressed.pdf>.
APA Format
Freire, P. (2005). Pedagogy of the Oppressed (30th Anniversary Edition ed.). Retrieved August 19, 2022, from https://envs.ucsc.edu/internships/internship-readings/freire-pedagogy-of-the-oppressed.pdf
Chicago Format
Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. 30th Anniversary Edition ed. 2005. https://envs.ucsc.edu/internships/internship-readings/freire-pedagogy-of-the-oppressed.pdf (accessed 19 August 2022).
MLA Format
Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. 30th Anniversary Edition ed. 2005. 1 Jan. 2005. 19 Aug. 2022 <https://envs.ucsc.edu/internships/internship-readings/freire-pedagogy-of-the-oppressed.pdf>.
BibTeX Export Format
@book{ Author = "Paulo Freire", Title = {Pedagogy of the Oppressed}, Edition = {30th Anniversary Edition}, Year = {2005} }
Refer Export Format

%A Paulo Freire %T Pedagogy of the Oppressed %D January 1, 2005 %U https://envs.ucsc.edu/internships/internship-readings/freire-pedagogy-of-the-oppressed.pdf %O 30th Anniversary Edition %O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Book %A Freire, Paulo %D January 1, 2005 %T Pedagogy of the Oppressed %7 30th Anniversary Edition %8 January 1, 2005 %U https://envs.ucsc.edu/internships/internship-readings/freire-pedagogy-of-the-oppressed.pdf

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Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The AJP/PRST-PER presented is based on the AIP Style with the addition of journal article titles and conference proceeding article titles.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Style.org: Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

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