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American Journal of Physics
written by Edward E. Prather, Alexander Rudolph, Gina Brissenden, and Wayne Schlingman
We present the results of a national study on the teaching and learning of astronomy as taught in general education, non-science-major, introductory astronomy courses. Nearly 4000 students enrolled in 69 sections of courses taught by 36 different instructors at 31 institutions completed (pre- and post-instruction) the Light and Spectroscopy Concept Inventory (LSCI) from Fall 2006 to Fall 2007. The classes varied in size and were from all types of institutions, including 2- and [math] colleges and universities. Normalized gain scores for each class were calculated. Pre-instruction LSCI scores were clustered around [math], independent of class size and institution type, and normalized gain scores varied from about [math] to 0.50. To estimate the fraction of classroom time spent on learner-centered, active-engagement instruction we developed and administered an Interactivity Assessment Instrument (IAI). Our results suggest that the differences in gains were due to instruction in the classroom, not the type of class or institution. We also found that higher interactivity classes had the highest gains, confirming that interactive learning strategies are capable of increasing student conceptual understanding. However, the wide range of gain scores seen for both lower and higher interactivity classes suggests that the use of interactive learning strategies is not sufficient by itself to achieve high student gain.
American Journal of Physics: Volume 77, Issue 4, Pages 320-330
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Astronomy
- Astronomy Education
Education - Applied Research
- Active Learning
- Learning Environment
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
- Lower Undergraduate
- Assessment Material
- Reference Material
= Article
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© 2009 American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/1.3065023
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created June 6, 2019 by Kim Coy
Record Updated:
June 6, 2019 by Bruce Mason
Last Update
when Cataloged:
April 1, 2009
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Record Link
AIP Format
E. Prather, A. Rudolph, G. Brissenden, and W. Schlingman, Am. J. Phys. 77 (4), 320 (2009), WWW Document, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3065023).
AJP/PRST-PER
E. Prather, A. Rudolph, G. Brissenden, and W. Schlingman, A national study assessing the teaching and learning of introductory astronomy. Part I. The effect of interactive instruction, Am. J. Phys. 77 (4), 320 (2009), <http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3065023>.
APA Format
Prather, E., Rudolph, A., Brissenden, G., & Schlingman, W. (2009, April 1). A national study assessing the teaching and learning of introductory astronomy. Part I. The effect of interactive instruction. Am. J. Phys., 77(4), 320-330. Retrieved July 16, 2019, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3065023
Chicago Format
Prather, E, A. Rudolph, G. Brissenden, and W. Schlingman. "A national study assessing the teaching and learning of introductory astronomy. Part I. The effect of interactive instruction." Am. J. Phys. 77, no. 4, (April 1, 2009): 320-330, http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3065023 (accessed 16 July 2019).
MLA Format
Prather, Edward, Alexander L. Rudolph, Gina Brissenden, and Wayne M. Schlingman. "A national study assessing the teaching and learning of introductory astronomy. Part I. The effect of interactive instruction." Am. J. Phys. 77.4 (2009): 320-330. 16 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3065023>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Edward Prather and Alexander L. Rudolph and Gina Brissenden and Wayne M. Schlingman", Title = {A national study assessing the teaching and learning of introductory astronomy. Part I. The effect of interactive instruction}, Journal = {Am. J. Phys.}, Volume = {77}, Number = {4}, Pages = {320-330}, Month = {April}, Year = {2009} }
Refer Export Format

%A Edward Prather
%A Alexander L. Rudolph
%A Gina Brissenden
%A Wayne M. Schlingman
%T A national study assessing the teaching and learning of introductory astronomy. Part I. The effect of interactive instruction
%J Am. J. Phys.
%V 77
%N 4
%D April 1, 2009
%P 320-330
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3065023
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Prather, Edward
%A Rudolph, Alexander L.
%A Brissenden, Gina
%A Schlingman, Wayne M.
%D April 1, 2009
%T A national study assessing the teaching and learning of introductory astronomy. Part I. The effect of interactive instruction
%J Am. J. Phys.
%V 77
%N 4
%P 320-330
%8 April 1, 2009
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3065023


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The AJP/PRST-PER presented is based on the AIP Style with the addition of journal article titles and conference proceeding article titles.

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