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published by the PhET
Available Languages: English, Spanish
This is an interactive simulation on the topic of microwave radiation.  Users adjust the frequency and amplitude of microwaves in an oven-shaped cavity and watch water molecules rotate, bounce, and behave as dipoles.  They can view the microwave field as a wave, a single line of vectors, or the entire field.  

This item is part of a larger and growing collection by the Physics Education Technology Project (PhET).  Each PhET resource was developed using principles from physics education research.  
SEE RELATED MATERIALS BELOW for an activity designed by the PhET team specifically for use with the Microwaves simulation.

Please note that this resource requires Flash.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Electricity & Magnetism
- Electromagnetic Radiation
= Electromagnetic Spectrum
Oscillations & Waves
- Wave Motion
= Transfer of Energy in Waves
Thermo & Stat Mech
- First Law
= Heat Transfer
- Lower Undergraduate
- High School
- Informal Education
- Instructional Material
= Activity
= Interactive Simulation
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Learners
- Educators
- application/java
- text/html
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Access Rights:
Free access
© 2007 University of Colorado, Physics Education Technology
Additional information is available.
Faraday, cavity magnetron, dielectric heating, dipole, dipole moment, electromagnetic spectrum, heat, microwave, microwave oven, microwave radiation, molecule, thermodynamics
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created November 15, 2007 by Alea Smith
Record Updated:
August 18, 2016 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
November 15, 2007
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Record Link
AIP Format
(PhET, Boulder, 2007), WWW Document, (
PhET Simulation: Microwaves (PhET, Boulder, 2007), <>.
APA Format
PhET Simulation: Microwaves. (2007, November 15). Retrieved July 22, 2024, from PhET:
Chicago Format
PhET. PhET Simulation: Microwaves. Boulder: PhET, November 15, 2007. (accessed 22 July 2024).
MLA Format
PhET Simulation: Microwaves. Boulder: PhET, 2007. 15 Nov. 2007. 22 July 2024 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Title = {PhET Simulation: Microwaves}, Publisher = {PhET}, Volume = {2024}, Number = {22 July 2024}, Month = {November 15, 2007}, Year = {2007} }
Refer Export Format

%T PhET Simulation: Microwaves %D November 15, 2007 %I PhET %C Boulder %U %O application/java

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source %D November 15, 2007 %T PhET Simulation: Microwaves %I PhET %V 2024 %N 22 July 2024 %8 November 15, 2007 %9 application/java %U

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Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Electronic References.

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PhET Simulation: Microwaves:

Is Supplemented By

This is an activity consisting of five concept questions that revolve around the physics of microwaves.  It was created by the PhET team to accompany the Microwaves simulation, and is intended for use in large-enrollment introductory physics courses.

relation by Caroline Hall

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