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written by David Stern
This is an historical overview of spaceflight, stressing the technology of rockets, satellites and orbits, and its use in unmanned missions. It contains sections on rocket motion, Robert Goddard, history of rocketry and the space race, uses of unmanned spacecraft, and various orbits. Largely narrative, except for detailed derivations of Lagrangian points and gravity-assist maneuvers, it also surveys exotic spaceflight methods--nuclear, cannon, solar sails and ion rockets.  It is part of a wider site "From Stargazers to Starships" which has related lesson plans, glossary, timeline, problems, and Spanish and French translations.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
- Historical Astronomy
- Space Exploration
General Physics
- Collections
- Equipment
- High School
- Lower Undergraduate
- Instructional Material
= Student Guide
- Reference Material
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- Learners
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Goddard, impulse and momentum, launch, orbits, rockets, satillites, shuttle, space exploration, spacecraft
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created May 5, 2004 by David Stern
Record Updated:
January 29, 2011 by Lyle Barbato
Other Collections:

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AIP Format
D. Stern, , WWW Document, (
D. Stern, From Stargazers to Starships: Spaceflight, <>.
APA Format
Stern, D. (n.d.). From Stargazers to Starships: Spaceflight. Retrieved November 29, 2023, from
Chicago Format
Stern, David. From Stargazers to Starships: Spaceflight. (accessed 29 November 2023).
MLA Format
Stern, David. From Stargazers to Starships: Spaceflight. 29 Nov. 2023 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "David Stern", Title = {From Stargazers to Starships: Spaceflight}, Volume = {2023}, Number = {29 November 2023}, Year = {} }
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%A David Stern %T From Stargazers to Starships: Spaceflight %U %O text/html

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%0 Electronic Source %A Stern, David %T From Stargazers to Starships: Spaceflight %V 2023 %N 29 November 2023 %9 text/html %U

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