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This lesson plan is the first of a two-part series for grades 3-5 on the topic of simple machines.  It is designed to develop student understanding of the interactive nature of parts in a system.  Students work cooperatively to explore a variety of simple machines and discover how they are broken down into interactive parts.  Three related activities are accessed online, and would extend the lesson to 3 days.  A shorter lesson can be done without the need for computer access.  Included is a printable student activity sheet.  This is part of a larger collection of lessons, all of which are aligned to AAAS Benchmarks for Scientific Literacy.
Editor's Note: Education research indicates that children in upper elementary grades tend to interpret phenomena by considering qualities of parts, rather than looking at how things interact. This lesson is designed to introduce simple machines as systems, a context to help kids understand interactions.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- Newton's Second Law
= Interacting Objects
- Work and Energy
= Simple Machines
- Elementary School
- Instructional Material
= Activity
= Lesson/Lesson Plan
Appropriate Courses Categories Ratings
- Physical Science
- Lesson Plan
- Activity
- New teachers
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Educator
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© 1998 American Association for the Advancement of Science
Keywords:
K-5 lesson plans, batteries, electricity, elementary lesson plans, elementary physical science, energy, energy transformation, standards-based lessons
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created February 21, 2008 by Caroline Hall
Record Updated:
March 18, 2014 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 31, 2008

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (2008 Version)

11. Common Themes

11A. Systems
  • 3-5: 11A/E1. In something that consists of many parts, the parts usually influence one another.
  • 3-5: 11A/E2. Something may not work well (or at all) if a part of it is missing, broken, worn out, mismatched, or misconnected.

12. Habits of Mind

12C. Manipulation and Observation
  • 3-5: 12C/E1. Choose appropriate common materials for making simple mechanical constructions and repairing things.

NSES Content Standards

Con.B: Physical Science
  • K-4: Properties of Objects & Materials

This resource is part of a Physics Front Topical Unit.


Topic: Dynamics: Forces and Motion
Unit Title: Applications of Newton's Laws

This is Part 1 of a two-part multimedia unit on systems, approached from the framework of simple machines.  It was developed to address the misconception of a machine as a collection of separate things. Instead, it presents the simple machine as a system to reinforce the concept of interaction.

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AIP Format
(American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC, 1998), WWW Document, (http://sciencenetlinks.com/lessons/systems-1-simple-machines/).
AJP/PRST-PER
Science NetLinks: Systems 1-Simple Machines (American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC, 1998), <http://sciencenetlinks.com/lessons/systems-1-simple-machines/>.
APA Format
Science NetLinks: Systems 1-Simple Machines. (2008, January 31). Retrieved July 25, 2014, from American Association for the Advancement of Science: http://sciencenetlinks.com/lessons/systems-1-simple-machines/
Chicago Format
American Association for the Advancement of Science. Science NetLinks: Systems 1-Simple Machines. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science, January 31, 2008. http://sciencenetlinks.com/lessons/systems-1-simple-machines/ (accessed 25 July 2014).
MLA Format
Science NetLinks: Systems 1-Simple Machines. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1998. 31 Jan. 2008. 25 July 2014 <http://sciencenetlinks.com/lessons/systems-1-simple-machines/>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Title = {Science NetLinks: Systems 1-Simple Machines}, Publisher = {American Association for the Advancement of Science}, Volume = {2014}, Number = {25 July 2014}, Month = {January 31, 2008}, Year = {1998} }
Refer Export Format

%T Science NetLinks: Systems 1-Simple Machines
%D January 31, 2008
%I American Association for the Advancement of Science
%C Washington, DC
%U http://sciencenetlinks.com/lessons/systems-1-simple-machines/
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%D January 31, 2008
%T Science NetLinks: Systems 1-Simple Machines
%I American Association for the Advancement of Science
%V 2014
%N 25 July 2014
%8 January 31, 2008
%9 text/html
%U http://sciencenetlinks.com/lessons/systems-1-simple-machines/


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