Editor selections by Topic and Unit

The Physics Front is a free service provided by the AAPT in partnership with the NSF/NSDL.

Website Detail Page

Item Picture
published by the Concord Consortium Inc.
written by Dan Damelin
content provider: the Rhode Island Information Technology Experiences for Students & Teachers
supported by the National Science Foundation
This inquiry-based module for grades 9-12 explores the difference between heat and temperature in an engaging interactive format that includes 12 computer models. Students learn that temperature is a measure of kinetic energy and heat is the transfer of energy from hot systems to cooler ones. The simulations help students visualize that temperature is related to both speed and mass of atoms. Three models promote understanding of average kinetic energy, and its dependence upon changes in heat.

This item is part of the Concord Consortium, a nonprofit research and development organization dedicated to transforming education through technology. The Consortium develops deeply digital learning innovations for science, mathematics, and engineering. The models are all freely accessible. Users may register for additional free access to a Teacher's Guide and capability to capture data.

Please note that this resource requires Java Applet Plug-in.
Editor's Note: The key concepts in this self-paced activity are scaffolded in a way to help students grasp the difference between heat and temperature and build a foundation for understanding how heat and kinetic energy are related. See Related Materials for a Teacher's Guide developed specifically to accompany this resource. The activity is appropriate for grades 8-9, but can also be adapted for preparatory physics courses and gifted/talented 7th graders. Allow two days in computer lab.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Modern Physics
- Atomic Physics
Thermo & Stat Mech
- First Law
= Heat Transfer
- Thermal Properties of Matter
= Temperature
= Thermal Expansion
- High School
- Lower Undergraduate
- Instructional Material
= Activity
= Instructor Guide/Manual
= Interactive Simulation
= Model
= Problem/Problem Set
= Tutorial
Appropriate Courses Categories Ratings
- Physics First
- Conceptual Physics
- Algebra-based Physics
- AP Physics
- Activity
- Assessment
- New teachers
  • Currently 0.0/5

Want to rate this material?
Login here!


Intended Users:
Learner
Educator
Formats:
application/java
application/pdf
Access Rights:
Limited free access
Free registration allows teachers use of comprehensive instructors guides plus ability to capture data and store student work product.
Restriction:
© 2008 Concord Consortium
Keywords:
average kinetic energy, conduction, conductors, heat conduction, heat simulation, heat transfer simulation, interaction, kinetic energy, particles, photons, thermal radiation
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created May 23, 2011 by Caroline Hall
Record Updated:
September 21, 2012 by Caroline Hall

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (2008 Version)

4. The Physical Setting

4E. Energy Transformations
  • 6-8: 4E/M3. Thermal energy is transferred through a material by the collisions of atoms within the material. Over time, the thermal energy tends to spread out through a material and from one material to another if they are in contact. Thermal energy can also be transferred by means of currents in air, water, or other fluids. In addition, some thermal energy in all materials is transformed into light energy and radiated into the environment by electromagnetic waves; that light energy can be transformed back into thermal energy when the electromagnetic waves strike another material. As a result, a material tends to cool down unless some other form of energy is converted to thermal energy in the material.
  • 9-12: 4E/H1. Although the various forms of energy appear very different, each can be measured in a way that makes it possible to keep track of how much of one form is converted into another. Whenever the amount of energy in one place diminishes, the amount in other places or forms increases by the same amount.
  • 9-12: 4E/H2. In any system of atoms or molecules, the statistical odds are that the atoms or molecules will end up with less order than they originally had and that the thermal energy will be spread out more evenly. The amount of order in a system may stay the same or increase, but only if the surrounding environment becomes even less ordered. The total amount of order in the universe always tends to decrease.
  • 9-12: 4E/H3. As energy spreads out, whether by conduction, convection, or radiation, the total amount of energy stays the same. However, since it is spread out, less can be done with it.
  • 9-12: 4E/H7. Thermal energy in a system is associated with the disordered motions of its atoms or molecules. Gravitational energy is associated with the separation of mutually attracting masses. Electrical potential energy is associated with the separation of mutually attracting or repelling charges.

11. Common Themes

11B. Models
  • 6-8: 11B/M1. Models are often used to think about processes that happen too slowly, too quickly, or on too small a scale to observe directly. They are also used for processes that are too vast, too complex, or too dangerous to study.

Common Core State Standards for Mathematics Alignments

High School — Functions (9-12)

Interpreting Functions (9-12)
  • F-IF.4 For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship.?
  • F-IF.6 Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.

This resource is part of a Physics Front Topical Unit.


Topic: Heat and Temperature
Unit Title: The Relationship Between Heat and Temperature

This inquiry-based module explores the difference between heat and temperature in an engaging interactive format that includes 12 computer models. Students learn that temperature is a measure of kinetic energy and heat is the transfer of energy from hot systems to cooler ones. The simulations help students visualize that temperature is related to both speed and mass of atoms. Registered teacher-users also have access to a Teacher's Guide.

Link to Unit:
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
D. Damelin, (Concord Consortium Inc., Concord, 2008), WWW Document, (http://workbench.concord.org/database/activities/308.html).
AJP/PRST-PER
D. Damelin, Concord Consortium: Heat and Temperature, (Concord Consortium Inc., Concord, 2008), <http://workbench.concord.org/database/activities/308.html>.
APA Format
Damelin, D. (2008). Concord Consortium: Heat and Temperature. Retrieved October 25, 2014, from Concord Consortium Inc.: http://workbench.concord.org/database/activities/308.html
Chicago Format
Damelin, Dan. Concord Consortium: Heat and Temperature. Concord: Concord Consortium Inc., 2008. http://workbench.concord.org/database/activities/308.html (accessed 25 October 2014).
MLA Format
Damelin, Dan. Concord Consortium: Heat and Temperature. Concord: Concord Consortium Inc., 2008. Rhode Island Information Technology Experiences for Students & Teachers, and National Science Foundation. 25 Oct. 2014 <http://workbench.concord.org/database/activities/308.html>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Dan Damelin", Title = {Concord Consortium: Heat and Temperature}, Publisher = {Concord Consortium Inc.}, Volume = {2014}, Number = {25 October 2014}, Year = {2008} }
Refer Export Format

%A Dan Damelin
%T Concord Consortium: Heat and Temperature
%D 2008
%I Concord Consortium Inc.
%C Concord
%U http://workbench.concord.org/database/activities/308.html
%O application/java

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%A Damelin, Dan
%D 2008
%T Concord Consortium: Heat and Temperature
%I Concord Consortium Inc.
%V 2014
%N 25 October 2014
%9 application/java
%U http://workbench.concord.org/database/activities/308.html


Disclaimer: ComPADRE offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure. Please refer to the style manuals in the Citation Source Information area for clarifications.

Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Style.org: Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

This resource is stored in 2 shared folders.

You must login to access shared folders.

Concord Consortium: Heat and Temperature:

Has Teaching Guide http://ri-itest.concord.org/SAMActivities/teacherGuides/physics/heat_and_temp.ver9.pdf

This is a Teacher's Guide developed by the same authors specifically to accompany the Heat and Temperature module.

relation by Caroline Hall

Know of another related resource? Login to relate this resource to it.
Save to my folders

Supplements

Contribute

Related Materials

Similar Materials