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written by Remy Dou, Eric Brewe, Justyna P. Zwolak, Geoff Potvin, Eric Williams, and Laird H. Kramer
The Modeling Instruction (MI) approach to introductory physics manifests significant increases in student conceptual understanding and attitudes toward physics. In light of these findings, we investigated changes in student self-efficacy while considering the construct's contribution to the career-decision making process. Students in the Fall 2014 and 2015 MI courses at Florida International University exhibited a decrease on each of the sources of self-efficacy and overall self-efficacy (N=147) as measured by the Sources of Self-Efficacy in Science Courses-Physics (SOSESC-P) survey. This held true regardless of student gender or ethnic group. Given the highly interactive nature of the MI course and the drops observed on the SOSESC-P, we chose to further explore students' changes in self-efficacy as a function of three centrality measures (i.e., relational positions in the classroom social network): inDegree, outDegree, and PageRank. We collected social network data by periodically asking students to list the names of peers with whom they had meaningful interactions. While controlling for PRE scores on the SOSESC-P, bootstrapped linear regressions revealed post-self-efficacy scores to be predicted by PageRank centrality. When disaggregated by the sources of self-efficacy, PageRank centrality was shown to be directly related to students' sense of mastery experiences. InDegree was associated with verbal persuasion experiences, and outDegree with both verbal persuasion and vicarious learning experiences. We posit that analysis of social networks in active learning classrooms helps to reveal nuances in self-efficacy development.
Physical Review Physics Education Research: Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 020124
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education Foundations
- Assessment
= Instruments
- Student Characteristics
= Affect
Education Practices
- Active Learning
= Modeling
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Article
= Research study
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This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license.
Rights Holder:
Remy Dou et al.
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.12.020124
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created September 28, 2016 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
October 20, 2017 by Bruce Mason
Last Update
when Cataloged:
August 9, 2016
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AIP Format
R. Dou, E. Brewe, J. Zwolak, G. Potvin, E. Williams, and L. Kramer, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 12 (2), 020124 (2016), WWW Document, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.12.020124).
AJP/PRST-PER
R. Dou, E. Brewe, J. Zwolak, G. Potvin, E. Williams, and L. Kramer, Beyond performance metrics: Examining a decrease in students’ physics self-efficacy through a social networks lens, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 12 (2), 020124 (2016), <http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.12.020124>.
APA Format
Dou, R., Brewe, E., Zwolak, J., Potvin, G., Williams, E., & Kramer, L. (2016, August 9). Beyond performance metrics: Examining a decrease in students’ physics self-efficacy through a social networks lens. Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., 12(2), 020124. Retrieved December 15, 2017, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.12.020124
Chicago Format
Dou, R, E. Brewe, J. Zwolak, G. Potvin, E. Williams, and L. Kramer. "Beyond performance metrics: Examining a decrease in students’ physics self-efficacy through a social networks lens." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 12, no. 2, (August 9, 2016): 020124, http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.12.020124 (accessed 15 December 2017).
MLA Format
Dou, Remy, Eric Brewe, Justyna Zwolak, Geoff Potvin, Eric Williams, and Laird Kramer. "Beyond performance metrics: Examining a decrease in students’ physics self-efficacy through a social networks lens." Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res. 12.2 (2016): 020124. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.12.020124>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Remy Dou and Eric Brewe and Justyna Zwolak and Geoff Potvin and Eric Williams and Laird Kramer", Title = {Beyond performance metrics: Examining a decrease in students’ physics self-efficacy through a social networks lens}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {12}, Number = {2}, Pages = {020124}, Month = {August}, Year = {2016} }
Refer Export Format

%A Remy Dou
%A Eric Brewe
%A Justyna Zwolak
%A Geoff Potvin
%A Eric Williams
%A Laird Kramer
%T Beyond performance metrics: Examining a decrease in students' physics self-efficacy through a social networks lens
%J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 12
%N 2
%D August 9, 2016
%P 020124
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.12.020124
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Dou, Remy
%A Brewe, Eric
%A Zwolak, Justyna
%A Potvin, Geoff
%A Williams, Eric
%A Kramer, Laird
%D August 9, 2016
%T Beyond performance metrics: Examining a decrease in students' physics self-efficacy through a social networks lens
%J Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 12
%N 2
%P 020124
%8 August 9, 2016
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.12.020124


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