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written by Gabriel Popkin
"Physics First" is a movement that encourages high schools to offer a full-year physics course to ninth-graders, before they take chemistry and biology. Also sometimes called "early high school physics," the "physics-chemistry-biology (PCB)" sequence, or the "cornerstone to capstone (C-to-C) program," Physics First has been gaining momentum as an organized movement of educators and physicists since around 1990, although the concept of teaching physics to ninth-graders goes back several decades before that. Nobel Prize-winning physicist Leon Lederman, Physics First's most prominent proponent, estimates that around 2,000 US high schools have now adopted some version of the program for at least some of their freshmen.
APS News: Volume 18, Issue 7, Pages 3-3
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© 2009 APS
high school physics, physics first, revise curriculum
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created July 17, 2009 by Gabe Popkin
Record Updated:
July 19, 2009 by John Stewart
Last Update
when Cataloged:
July 1, 2009
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AIP Format
G. Popkin, APS News 18 (7), 3 (2009), WWW Document, (
G. Popkin, Physics First Battles for Acceptance, APS News 18 (7), 3 (2009), <>.
APA Format
Popkin, G. (2009, July 1). Physics First Battles for Acceptance. APS News, 18(7), 3-3. Retrieved September 21, 2014, from
Chicago Format
Popkin, Gabriel. "Physics First Battles for Acceptance." APS News. 18, no. 7, (July 1, 2009): 3-3, (accessed 21 September 2014).
MLA Format
Popkin, Gabriel. "Physics First Battles for Acceptance." APS News 18.7 (2009): 3-3. 21 Sep. 2014 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Gabriel Popkin", Title = {Physics First Battles for Acceptance}, Journal = {APS News}, Volume = {18}, Number = {7}, Pages = {3-3}, Month = {July}, Year = {2009} }
Refer Export Format

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%D July 1, 2009
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EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
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%D July 1, 2009
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%8 July 1, 2009

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