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written by Noah S. Podolefsky
This work reviews the literature on analogy, introduces a new model of analogy, and presents a series of experiments that test and confirm the utility of this model to describe and predict student learning in physics with analogy. Pilot studies demonstrate that representations (e.g., diagrams) can play a key role in students' use of analogy. A new model of analogy, Analogical Scaffolding, is developed to explain these initial empirical results. This model will be described in detail, and then applied to describe and predict the outcomes of further experiments. Two large-scale (N>100) studies will demonstrate that: (1) students taught with analogies, according to the Analogical Scaffolding model, outperform students taught without analogies on prepost assessments focused on electromagnetic waves; (2) the representational forms used to teach with analogy can play a significant role in student learning, with students in one treatment group outperforming students in other treatment groups by factors of two or three. It will be demonstrated that Analogical Scaffolding can be used to predict these results, as well as finer-grained results such as the types of distracters students choose in different treatment groups, and to describe and analyze student reasoning in interviews. Abstraction in physics is reconsidered using Analogical Scaffolding. An operational definition of abstraction is developed within the Analogical Scaffolding framework and employed to explain (a) why physicists consider some ideas more abstract than others in physics, and (b) how students conceptions of these ideas can be modeled. This new approach to abstraction suggests novel approaches to curriculum design in physics using Analogical Scaffolding.
University: University of Colorado
Academic Department:  Department of Physics
Pages 266
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Pedagogy
= Analogies
Education - Basic Research
- Communication
= Representations
- Learning Theory
- Professional Development
- Lower Undergraduate
- Upper Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
= Thesis/Dissertation
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© 2008 Noah S. Podolefsky
Type:
Dissertation
Keywords:
analogical scaffolding, student representations
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created April 1, 2009 by Bruce Mason
Record Updated:
March 13, 2010 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 1, 2008
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Record Link
AIP Format
N. Podolefsky, Dissertation, University of Colorado, 2008, WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8784&DocID=1145).
AJP/PRST-PER
N. Podolefsky, Analogical Scaffolding: Making Meaning in Physics through Representation and Analogy Dissertation, University of Colorado, 2008, <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8784&DocID=1145>.
APA Format
Podolefsky, N. (2008, January 1). Analogical Scaffolding: Making Meaning in Physics through Representation and Analogy (Dissertation, University of Colorado, 2008). Retrieved July 31, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8784&DocID=1145
Chicago Format
Podolefsky, Noah S.. "Analogical Scaffolding: Making Meaning in Physics through Representation and Analogy." Dissertation, University of Colorado, 2008. http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8784&DocID=1145 (accessed 31 July 2014).
MLA Format
Podolefsky, Noah S.. "Analogical Scaffolding: Making Meaning in Physics through Representation and Analogy." Dissertation. 1 Jan. 2008. University of Colorado, 2008. 31 July 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8784&DocID=1145>.
BibTeX Export Format
@phdthesis{ Author = "Noah S. Podolefsky", Title = {Analogical Scaffolding: Making Meaning in Physics through Representation and Analogy}, School = {University of Colorado}, Type = {Dissertation}, Month = {January}, Year = {2008} }
Refer Export Format

%A Noah S. Podolefsky
%T Analogical Scaffolding: Making Meaning in Physics through Representation and Analogy
%R Dissertation
%D January 1, 2008
%P 266
%I University of Colorado
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8784&DocID=1145
%O Department of Physics
%O application/pdf
%O Dissertation

EndNote Export Format

%0 Thesis
%A Podolefsky, Noah S.
%D January 1, 2008
%T Analogical Scaffolding: Making Meaning in Physics through Representation and Analogy
%B Department of Physics
%I University of Colorado
%P 266
%8 January 1, 2008
%9 Dissertation
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8784&DocID=1145


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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

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