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written by David T. Brookes, Brian H. Ross, and Jose P. Mestre
In physics instruction we often begin by presenting students with an abstract principle, and then illustrating the principle with one or more examples. We hope that students will use the examples to refine their understanding of the principle and be able to transfer the principle to new situations. However, research in cognitive science has shown that students' understanding of a new principle may become bound up with the example(s) used to illustrate it. We report on a study with physics students to see if this "specificity effect" was present in their reasoning. The data show that even students who understand and can implement a particular physics principle have a strong tendency to discard that principle when the transfer task appears superficially similar to their training example.
Physics Education Research Conference 2008
Part of the PER Conference series
Edmonton, Canada: July 23-24, 2008
Volume 1064, Pages 83-86
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Active Learning
= Problem Solving
- Pedagogy
= Analogies
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
Optics
- General
- Lower Undergraduate
- Graduate/Professional
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3021280
Access Rights:
Free access and
Available for purchase
Restriction:
© 2008 American Institute of Physics
A hard copy of the PERC 2008 proceedings is available for purchase from the AIP.
DOI:
10.1063/1.3021280
PACSs:
01.40.Fk
01.40.Ha
01.40.G-
01.40.gb
01.50.Lc
01.50.ht
Keywords:
PERC 2008, analogy, educational aids, educational technology, engineering education, optics, physics education research, refraction, research and development management, scientific information systems, specificity effect, student experiments
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created September 27, 2008 by Jenny Rempel
Record Updated:
July 16, 2013 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
October 20, 2008
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Record Link
AIP Format
D. Brookes, B. Ross, and J. Mestre, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2008, Edmonton, Canada, 2008, WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8117&DocID=751).
AJP/PRST-PER
D. Brookes, B. Ross, and J. Mestre, The Specificity Effect: An Example from Refraction presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2008, Edmonton, Canada, 2008, <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8117&DocID=751>.
APA Format
Brookes, D., Ross, B., & Mestre, J. (2008, July 23-24). The Specificity Effect: An Example from Refraction. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2008, Edmonton, Canada. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8117&DocID=751
Chicago Format
Brookes, D, B. Ross, and J. Mestre. "The Specificity Effect: An Example from Refraction." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2008, Edmonton, Canada, July 23-24, 2008. http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8117&DocID=751 (accessed 1 August 2014).
MLA Format
Brookes, David T., Brian Ross, and Jose Mestre. "The Specificity Effect: An Example from Refraction." Physics Education Research Conference 2008. Edmonton, Canada: 2008. 83-86 Vol. 1064 of PER Conference. 1 Aug. 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8117&DocID=751>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "David T. Brookes and Brian Ross and Jose Mestre", Title = {The Specificity Effect: An Example from Refraction}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2008}, Pages = {83-86}, Address = {Edmonton, Canada}, Series = {PER Conference}, Volume = {1064}, Month = {July 23-24}, Year = {2008} }
Refer Export Format

%A David T. Brookes
%A Brian Ross
%A Jose Mestre
%T The Specificity Effect: An Example from Refraction
%S PER Conference
%V 1064
%D July 23-24 2008
%P 83-86
%C Edmonton, Canada
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8117&DocID=751
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2008
%O July 23-24
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Brookes, David T.
%A Ross, Brian
%A Mestre, Jose
%D July 23-24 2008
%T The Specificity Effect: An Example from Refraction
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2008
%C Edmonton, Canada
%V 1064
%P 83-86
%S PER Conference
%8 July 23-24
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=8117&DocID=751


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