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written by David E. Brown and John J. Clement
Analogies and examples from student's experiences are frequently cited as important to teaching conceptual material. This study was conducted in order to explore the effectiveness of an analogical teaching technique, which uses a connected sequence of "bridging" analogies, compared with a more standard teaching-by-example technique. The target concept involved the common misconception that static objects are unable to exert forces. Of the 21 high school students with no prior physics instruction who were individually interviewed, 14 initially maintained that a table does not exert a force upward on a book resting on it. The latter were divided into two matched groups. Students in each group were asked to think aloud as they worked through one of the two written explanations. After instruction, the experimental group performed significantly better on target and transfer problems, as well as indicating significantly higher subjective estimates of how "understandable and believable" the explanation was. These findings suggest that: (1) teachers need to be aware that certain examples they themselves find compelling may not be at all illuminating for the student; (2) even when the example is compelling to the student, it may not be seen as analogous to the target problem in the lesson; and (3) teachers need to keep in mind the goal of helping students develop visualizable, qualitative models of physical phenomena.
Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association
Champaign, IL: April 20-24, 1987
Pages 35
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- General
Education - Applied Research
- Pedagogy
= Analogies
Education - Basic Research
- Alternative Conceptions
General Physics
- Physics Education Research
- High School
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Format:
non-digital
Mirror:
http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED283712
Access Rights:
Free access
Restriction:
© 1987 American Educational Research Association
Keywords:
Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation, Concept Teaching, Force, Formal Operations, High Schools, Learning Strategies, Mechanics (Physics), Misconceptions, Physics, Problem Solving, Science Education, Science Education Research, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science, Teaching Methods
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created June 13, 2005 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
August 12, 2013 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
April 10, 1987
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Record Link
AIP Format
D. Brown and J. Clement, presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Champaign, IL, 1987, WWW Document, (http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED283712.pdf).
AJP/PRST-PER
D. Brown and J. Clement, Overcoming Misconceptions in Mechanics: A Comparison of Two Example-based Teaching Strategies presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Champaign, IL, 1987, <http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED283712.pdf>.
APA Format
Brown, D., & Clement, J. (1987, April 20-24). Overcoming Misconceptions in Mechanics: A Comparison of Two Example-based Teaching Strategies. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Champaign, IL. Retrieved August 31, 2014, from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED283712.pdf
Chicago Format
Brown, David E., and John Clement. "Overcoming Misconceptions in Mechanics: A Comparison of Two Example-based Teaching Strategies." Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Champaign, IL, April 20-24, 1987. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED283712.pdf (accessed 31 August 2014).
MLA Format
Brown, David E., and John Clement. "Overcoming Misconceptions in Mechanics: A Comparison of Two Example-based Teaching Strategies." Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Champaign, IL: 1987. 35 31 Aug. 2014 <http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED283712.pdf>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "David E. Brown and John Clement", Title = {Overcoming Misconceptions in Mechanics: A Comparison of Two Example-based Teaching Strategies}, BookTitle = {Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association}, Pages = {35}, Address = {Champaign, IL}, Month = {April 20-24}, Year = {1987} }
Refer Export Format

%A David E. Brown
%A John Clement
%T Overcoming Misconceptions in Mechanics: A Comparison of Two Example-based Teaching Strategies
%D April 20-24 1987
%P 35
%C Champaign, IL
%U http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED283712.pdf
%O Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association
%O April 20-24
%O non-digital

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Brown, David E.
%A Clement, John
%D April 20-24 1987
%T Overcoming Misconceptions in Mechanics: A Comparison of Two Example-based Teaching Strategies
%B Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association
%C Champaign, IL
%P 35
%8 April 20-24
%U http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED283712.pdf


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