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written by Abigail M. Bogdan and Andrew F. Heckler
This study explores both students' ability to make valid inferences from data tables and the effect of students' prior beliefs on that ability. Over 300 introductory physics students participated in one of two experimental conditions. In both conditions, the data filling the tables was identical; however, in the first condition, the tables were presented within a familiar physical context, a method well known to elicit incorrect prior beliefs in many students. In the second, the tables were presented in a generic context. We found that, while most students were able to draw valid conclusion from simple, generic data sets, they were significantly more likely to draw invalid conclusions in the familiar physical context. Closer analysis revealed that, when provided with a physical context, students tended to look at the data less, relying in part on their prior knowledge to draw their conclusions. Interestingly, students in the physical context condition indicated a higher confidence in their responses, despite their lower accuracy.
Physics Education Research Conference 2013
Part of the PER Conference series
Portland, OR: July 17-18, 2013
Pages 73-76
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Applied Research
- Instructional Material Design
= Problem/Question
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
- Behavior
- Learning Theory
= Representations
- Problem Solving
= Representational Use
- Student Characteristics
= Affect
= Skills
- Lower Undergraduate
- Reference Material
= Research study
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Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/perc.20…
Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the published article's author(s), title, proceedings citation, and DOI.
Rights Holder:
American Association of Physics Teachers
DOI:
10.1119/perc.2013.pr.006
PACS:
01.40.Fk
Keywords:
Data interpretation, PERC 2013, Scientific reasoning, Theory-evidence coordination
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created January 29, 2014 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
January 30, 2014 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
December 16, 2013
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Record Link
AIP Format
A. Bogdan and A. Heckler, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2013, Portland, OR, 2013, WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13111&DocID=3660).
AJP/PRST-PER
A. Bogdan and A. Heckler, Effects of Belief Bias on Student Reasoning from Data Tables presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2013, Portland, OR, 2013, <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13111&DocID=3660>.
APA Format
Bogdan, A., & Heckler, A. (2013, July 17-18). Effects of Belief Bias on Student Reasoning from Data Tables. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2013, Portland, OR. Retrieved July 22, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13111&DocID=3660
Chicago Format
Bogdan, Abigail, and Andrew F. Heckler. "Effects of Belief Bias on Student Reasoning from Data Tables." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2013, Portland, OR, July 17-18, 2013. http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13111&DocID=3660 (accessed 22 July 2014).
MLA Format
Bogdan, Abigail, and Andrew F. Heckler. "Effects of Belief Bias on Student Reasoning from Data Tables." Physics Education Research Conference 2013. Portland, OR: 2013. 73-76 of PER Conference. 22 July 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13111&DocID=3660>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Abigail Bogdan and Andrew F. Heckler", Title = {Effects of Belief Bias on Student Reasoning from Data Tables}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2013}, Pages = {73-76}, Address = {Portland, OR}, Series = {PER Conference}, Month = {July 17-18}, Year = {2013} }
Refer Export Format

%A Abigail Bogdan
%A Andrew F. Heckler
%T Effects of Belief Bias on Student Reasoning from Data Tables
%S PER Conference
%D July 17-18 2013
%P 73-76
%C Portland, OR
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13111&DocID=3660
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2013
%O July 17-18
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Bogdan, Abigail
%A Heckler, Andrew F.
%D July 17-18 2013
%T Effects of Belief Bias on Student Reasoning from Data Tables
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2013
%C Portland, OR
%P 73-76
%S PER Conference
%8 July 17-18
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=13111&DocID=3660


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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The AJP/PRST-PER presented is based on the AIP Style with the addition of journal article titles and conference proceeding article titles.

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The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

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