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written by Paula V. Engelhardt and Robert J. Beichner
Available Languages: English, Spanish, Greek, Finnish
This 29-question research-based multiple-choice test is designed to evaluate students' reasoning regarding direct current resistive electric circuits. The test may be administered to students in algebra- or calculus-based introductory physics courses in high school or university settings.

The test is based on investigations of students' difficulties with direct current circuits and should be given in a 30-minute period. Statistical results have shown the survey to be reliable and valid. A summary of the construction and analysis of the survey is available in, Students' understanding of direct current resistive electrical circuits, Am. J. Phys. 72 (1), 98-115 (2004). Details are provided in Paula Engelhardt's dissertation, Examining students' understanding of electrical circuits through multiple-choice testing and interviews.

This assessment is free for use by instructors in their classroom. However, as it takes years of development effort to create and validate reliable assessment instruments, the file is password-protected. Furthermore, the author requests that 1. students are not given copies following examination; and 2. none of the questions are incorporated into web-based question delivery systems without adequate security to prevent printing or unauthorized access by students.

To obtain the password, please send a request with your name, email, institution, and a link to a page at your institution that confirms you are an instructor.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
= Instruments
Electricity & Magnetism
- DC Circuits
= Circuit Analysis
= Ohm's Law
= Power and Energy
- Lower Undergraduate
- High School
- Assessment Material
= Answer Key
= Test
PER-Central Types Intended Users Ratings
- Curriculum
- Curriculum / Research Instrument
- Researchers
- Educators
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Formats:
application/pdf
application/zip
Access Rights:
Limited free access
The test is available to instructors and researchers. To obtain the survey please contact Paula Engelhardt.
Restriction:
© 1997 Engelhardt and Beichner
This assessment is free for use by instructors in their classroom. Other uses should be cleared with the author.
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created August 23, 2012 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
March 3, 2013 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
January 1, 1998
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
P. Engelhardt and R. Beichner, (1997), WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12388&DocID=3229).
AJP/PRST-PER
P. Engelhardt and R. Beichner, Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuit Concepts Test (DIRECT), (1997), <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12388&DocID=3229>.
APA Format
Engelhardt, P., & Beichner, R. (1998, January 1). Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuit Concepts Test (DIRECT). Retrieved December 17, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12388&DocID=3229
Chicago Format
Engelhardt, Paula, and Robert Beichner. Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuit Concepts Test (DIRECT). January 1, 1998. http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12388&DocID=3229 (accessed 17 December 2014).
MLA Format
Engelhardt, Paula, and Robert Beichner. Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuit Concepts Test (DIRECT). 1997. 1 Jan. 1998. 17 Dec. 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12388&DocID=3229>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Paula Engelhardt and Robert Beichner", Title = {Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuit Concepts Test (DIRECT)}, Volume = {2014}, Number = {17 December 2014}, Month = {January 1, 1998}, Year = {1997} }
Refer Export Format

%A Paula Engelhardt
%A Robert Beichner
%T Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuit Concepts Test (DIRECT)
%D January 1, 1998
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12388&DocID=3229
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%A Engelhardt, Paula
%A Beichner, Robert
%D January 1, 1998
%T Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuit Concepts Test (DIRECT)
%V 2014
%N 17 December 2014
%8 January 1, 1998
%9 application/pdf
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=12388&DocID=3229


Disclaimer: ComPADRE offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure. Please refer to the style manuals in the Citation Source Information area for clarifications.

Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The AJP/PRST-PER presented is based on the AIP Style with the addition of journal article titles and conference proceeding article titles.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Style.org: Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuit Concepts Test (DIRECT):

Is Key Reference Of Examining students' understanding of electrical circuits through multiple-choice testing and interviews

Paula Engelhardt's dissertation contains details on the design, construction, and validation of DIRECT.

relation by Lyle Barbato

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