Website Detail Page
written by Paula V. Engelhardt and Robert J. Beichner
Available Languages: English, Spanish, Greek, Finnish
This 29-question research-based multiple-choice test is designed to evaluate students' reasoning regarding direct current resistive electric circuits. The test may be administered to students in algebra- or calculus-based introductory physics courses in high school or university settings.
The test is based on investigations of students' difficulties with direct current circuits and should be given in a 30-minute period. Statistical results have shown the survey to be reliable and valid. A summary of the construction and analysis of the survey is available in, Students' understanding of direct current resistive electrical circuits, Am. J. Phys. 72 (1), 98-115 (2004). Details are provided in Paula Engelhardt's dissertation, Examining students' understanding of electrical circuits through multiple-choice testing and interviews.
This assessment is free for use by instructors in their classroom. As it takes years of development effort to create and validate reliable assessment instruments, access is limited to educators and researchers.
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!
Disclaimer: ComPADRE offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure. Please refer to the style manuals in the Citation Source Information area for clarifications.
Citation Source Information
The AJP/PRST-PER presented is based on the AIP Style with the addition of journal article titles and conference proceeding article titles.
The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Style.org: Electronic References.
The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.
The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.
Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuit Concepts Test (DIRECT):
Is Key Reference Of Examining students' understanding of electrical circuits through multiple-choice testing and interviews
Paula Engelhardt's dissertation contains details on the design, construction, and validation of DIRECT.relation by Lyle Barbato
Know of another related resource? Login to relate this resource to it.
Is Referenced By