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Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research
written by Andrew J. Mason and Chandralekha Singh
The ability to categorize problems based upon underlying principles, rather than surface features or contexts, is considered one of several proxy predictors of expertise in problem solving. With inspiration from the classic study by Chi, Feltovich, and Glaser, we assess the distribution of expertise among introductory physics students by asking three introductory physics classes, each with more than a hundred students, to categorize mechanics problems based upon similarity of solution. We compare their categorization with those of physics graduate students and faculty members. To evaluate the effect of problem context on students' ability to categorize, two sets of problems were developed for categorization. Some problems in one set included those available from the prior study by Chi et al. We find a large overlap between calculus-based introductory students and graduate students with regard to their categorizations that were assessed as "good." Our findings, which contrast with those of Chi et al., suggest that there is a wide distribution of expertise in mechanics among introductory and graduate students. Although the categorization task is conceptual, introductory students in the calculus-based course performed better than those in the algebra-based course. Qualitative trends in categorization of problems are similar between the non-Chi problems and problems available from the Chi study used in our study although the Chi problems used are more difficult on average.
Subjects ADS Supplements Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Cognition
- Problem Solving
= Expert-Novice Comparisons
- Student Characteristics
= Skills
- Reference Material
= Research study
PER-Central Type Levels Ratings
- PER Literature
- Lower Undergraduate
- Graduate/Professional
- Upper Undergraduate
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Intended User:
Researcher
Format:
application/pdf
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev…
Access Rights:
Free access
License:
This material is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license.
Rights Holder:
American Physical Society
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.7.020110
PACS:
01.40.-d
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created April 30, 2012 by Lyle Barbato
Record Updated:
February 20, 2013 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
October 21, 2011
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AIP Format
A. Mason and C. Singh, Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 7 (2), 020110 (2011), WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11932&DocID=2851).
AJP/PRST-PER
A. Mason and C. Singh, Assessing expertise in introductory physics using categorization task Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 7 (2), 020110 (2011), <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11932&DocID=2851>.
APA Format
Mason, A., & Singh, C. (2011, October 21). Assessing expertise in introductory physics using categorization task. Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res., 7(2), 020110. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11932&DocID=2851
Chicago Format
Mason, Andrew, and Chandralekha Singh. "Assessing expertise in introductory physics using categorization task." Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 7, no. 2, (October 21, 2011): 020110, http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11932&DocID=2851 (accessed 25 April 2014).
MLA Format
Mason, Andrew, and Chandralekha Singh. "Assessing expertise in introductory physics using categorization task." Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 7.2 (2011): 020110. 25 Apr. 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11932&DocID=2851>.
BibTeX Export Format
@article{ Author = "Andrew Mason and Chandralekha Singh", Title = {Assessing expertise in introductory physics using categorization task}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.}, Volume = {7}, Number = {2}, Pages = {020110}, Month = {October}, Year = {2011} }
Refer Export Format

%A Andrew Mason
%A Chandralekha Singh
%T Assessing expertise in introductory physics using categorization task
%J Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 7
%N 2
%D October 21, 2011
%P 020110
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11932&DocID=2851
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Journal Article
%A Mason, Andrew
%A Singh, Chandralekha
%D October 21, 2011
%T Assessing expertise in introductory physics using categorization task
%J Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res.
%V 7
%N 2
%P 020110
%8 October 21, 2011
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11932&DocID=2851


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