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written by Lauren E. Kost-Smith, Steven J. Pollock, Noah D. Finkelstein, Geoffrey L. Cohen, Tiffany A. Ito, and Akira Miyake
Prior work at CU-Boulder has shown that a gender gap (difference in male and female performance) exists in both the pre- and post-course conceptual surveys, despite the use of interactive engagement techniques [Kost, et al., PRST-PER 5, 010101]. A potential explanation for this persistent gap is that stereotype threat, the fear of confirming a stereotype about one self, is inhibiting females' performance. Prior research has demonstrated that stereotype threat can be alleviated through the use of self-affirmation, a process of affirming one's overall self-worth and integrity [Cohen, et al., Science 313, 1307]. We report results of a randomized experiment testing the impact of a self-affirmation exercise on the gender gap in Physics 1. The gender gap on a conceptual post-survey is reduced from 19% for students who did not affirm their own values, to 9% for students who completed two 15-minute self-affirmation exercises at the beginning of the semester.
Physics Education Research Conference 2010
Part of the PER Conference series
Portland, Oregon: July 21-22, 2010
Volume 1289, Pages 197-200
Subjects ADS Supplements Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Assessment
= Conceptual Assessment
- Societal Issues
= Gender Issues
- Reference Material
= Report
= Research study
PER-Central Type Intended Users Ratings
- PER Literature
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- Professional/Practitioners
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Formats:
application/pdf
non-digital
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3515197
Access Rights:
Limited free access and
Available for purchase
A preprint of the work is available. A hard copy of the PERC 2010 proceedings is available for purchase from the AIP.
Restriction:
© 2010 American Institute of Physics
DOI:
10.1063/1.3515197
NSF Number:
0910373
PACSs:
01.40.Fk
01.40.G-
01.40.gb
01.75.+m
Keywords:
PERC 2010, conceptual learning, gender, introductory physics, self-affirmation, stereotype threat
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created October 29, 2010 by Alea Smith
Record Updated:
April 25, 2012 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
August 24, 2010
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Record Link
AIP Format
L. Kost-Smith, S. Pollock, N. Finkelstein, G. Cohen, T. Ito, and A. Miyake, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2010, Portland, Oregon, 2010, WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10449&DocID=1908).
AJP/PRST-PER
L. Kost-Smith, S. Pollock, N. Finkelstein, G. Cohen, T. Ito, and A. Miyake, Gender Differences in Physics 1: The Impact of a Self-Affirmation Intervention presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2010, Portland, Oregon, 2010, <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10449&DocID=1908>.
APA Format
Kost-Smith, L., Pollock, S., Finkelstein, N., Cohen, G., Ito, T., & Miyake, A. (2010, July 21-22). Gender Differences in Physics 1: The Impact of a Self-Affirmation Intervention. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2010, Portland, Oregon. Retrieved July 23, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10449&DocID=1908
Chicago Format
Kost-Smith, L, S. Pollock, N. Finkelstein, G. Cohen, T. Ito, and A. Miyake. "Gender Differences in Physics 1: The Impact of a Self-Affirmation Intervention." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2010, Portland, Oregon, July 21-22, 2010. http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10449&DocID=1908 (accessed 23 July 2014).
MLA Format
Kost-Smith, Lauren E., Steven Pollock, Noah Finkelstein, Geoffrey L. Cohen, Tiffany A. Ito, and Akira Miyake. "Gender Differences in Physics 1: The Impact of a Self-Affirmation Intervention." Physics Education Research Conference 2010. Portland, Oregon: 2010. 197-200 Vol. 1289 of PER Conference. 23 July 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10449&DocID=1908>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Lauren E. Kost-Smith and Steven Pollock and Noah Finkelstein and Geoffrey L. Cohen and Tiffany A. Ito and Akira Miyake", Title = {Gender Differences in Physics 1: The Impact of a Self-Affirmation Intervention}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2010}, Pages = {197-200}, Address = {Portland, Oregon}, Series = {PER Conference}, Volume = {1289}, Month = {July 21-22}, Year = {2010} }
Refer Export Format

%A Lauren E. Kost-Smith
%A Steven Pollock
%A Noah Finkelstein
%A Geoffrey L. Cohen
%A Tiffany A. Ito
%A Akira Miyake
%T Gender Differences in Physics 1: The Impact of a Self-Affirmation Intervention
%S PER Conference
%V 1289
%D July 21-22 2010
%P 197-200
%C Portland, Oregon
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10449&DocID=1908
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2010
%O July 21-22
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Kost-Smith, Lauren E.
%A Pollock, Steven
%A Finkelstein, Noah
%A Cohen, Geoffrey L.
%A Ito, Tiffany A.
%A Miyake, Akira
%D July 21-22 2010
%T Gender Differences in Physics 1: The Impact of a Self-Affirmation Intervention
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2010
%C Portland, Oregon
%V 1289
%P 197-200
%S PER Conference
%8 July 21-22
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10449&DocID=1908


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