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written by Adrian Carmichael, Adam M. Larson, Elizabeth Gire, Lester C. Loschky, and N. Sanjay Rebello
Research in many disciplines has used eye-tracking technology to investigate the differences in the visual attention of experts and novices. For example, it has been shown that experts in art and chess spend more time than novices looking at relevant information. Thus, it may be helpful to give novices more direct insight into the way experts allocate their visual attention, for example using attentional cueing techniques. However, not much is known about how experts allocate their attention on physics problems. More specifically, we look at physics problems where the critical information needed to answer the problem is contained in a diagram. This study uses eye movements to investigate how the allocation of visual attention differs between experts and novices on these types of physics problems. We find that in several problems tested, those who answered a question correctly spend more time looking at thematically relevant areas while those who answer incorrectly spend more time looking at perceptually salient areas of the diagram.
Physics Education Research Conference 2010
Part of the PER Conference series
Portland, Oregon: July 21-22, 2010
Volume 1289, Pages 93-96
Subjects ADS Supplements Resource Types
Education - Basic Research
- Learning Theory
- Problem Solving
= Expert-Novice Comparisons
- Reference Material
= Report
= Research study
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Formats:
application/pdf
non-digital
Mirror:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3515257
Access Rights:
Limited free access and
Available for purchase
A preprint of the work is available. A hard copy of the PERC 2010 proceedings is available for purchase from the AIP.
Restriction:
© 2010 American Institute of Physics
DOI:
10.1063/1.3515257
PACS:
01.40.Fk
Keywords:
PERC 2010, attention, expert, eye movements, novice
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created October 8, 2010 by Alea Smith
Record Updated:
May 1, 2013 by Lyle Barbato
Last Update
when Cataloged:
August 24, 2010
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Record Link
AIP Format
A. Carmichael, A. Larson, E. Gire, L. Loschky, and N. Rebello, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2010, Portland, Oregon, 2010, WWW Document, (http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10394&DocID=1865).
AJP/PRST-PER
A. Carmichael, A. Larson, E. Gire, L. Loschky, and N. Rebello, How Does Visual Attention Differ Between Experts and Novices on Physics Problems?, presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2010, Portland, Oregon, 2010, <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10394&DocID=1865>.
APA Format
Carmichael, A., Larson, A., Gire, E., Loschky, L., & Rebello, N. (2010, July 21-22). How Does Visual Attention Differ Between Experts and Novices on Physics Problems?. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2010, Portland, Oregon. Retrieved November 25, 2014, from http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10394&DocID=1865
Chicago Format
Carmichael, A, A. Larson, E. Gire, L. Loschky, and N. Rebello. "How Does Visual Attention Differ Between Experts and Novices on Physics Problems?." Paper presented at the Physics Education Research Conference 2010, Portland, Oregon, July 21-22, 2010. http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10394&DocID=1865 (accessed 25 November 2014).
MLA Format
Carmichael, Adrian, Adam Larson, Elizabeth Gire, Lester Loschky, and N. Sanjay Rebello. "How Does Visual Attention Differ Between Experts and Novices on Physics Problems?." Physics Education Research Conference 2010. Portland, Oregon: 2010. 93-96 Vol. 1289 of PER Conference. 25 Nov. 2014 <http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10394&DocID=1865>.
BibTeX Export Format
@inproceedings{ Author = "Adrian Carmichael and Adam Larson and Elizabeth Gire and Lester Loschky and N. Sanjay Rebello", Title = {How Does Visual Attention Differ Between Experts and Novices on Physics Problems?}, BookTitle = {Physics Education Research Conference 2010}, Pages = {93-96}, Address = {Portland, Oregon}, Series = {PER Conference}, Volume = {1289}, Month = {July 21-22}, Year = {2010} }
Refer Export Format

%A Adrian Carmichael
%A Adam Larson
%A Elizabeth Gire
%A Lester Loschky
%A N. Sanjay Rebello
%T How Does Visual Attention Differ Between Experts and Novices on Physics Problems?
%S PER Conference
%V 1289
%D July 21-22 2010
%P 93-96
%C Portland, Oregon
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10394&DocID=1865
%O Physics Education Research Conference 2010
%O July 21-22
%O application/pdf

EndNote Export Format

%0 Conference Proceedings
%A Carmichael, Adrian
%A Larson, Adam
%A Gire, Elizabeth
%A Loschky, Lester
%A Rebello, N. Sanjay
%D July 21-22 2010
%T How Does Visual Attention Differ Between Experts and Novices on Physics Problems?
%B Physics Education Research Conference 2010
%C Portland, Oregon
%V 1289
%P 93-96
%S PER Conference
%8 July 21-22
%U http://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=10394&DocID=1865


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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

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How Does Visual Attention Differ Between Experts and Novices on Physics Problems?:


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